The dividend growth model approach limited application in practice because of its two assumptions. It assumes that the dividend per share will grow at a constant rate, g, forever The expected dividend growth rate, g, should be less than the cost of equity, Ke, to arrive at the simple growth formula.

The growth formula is,

Ke = (DIV1 / Po) + g

These assumptions imply that the dividend growth approach cannot be applied to those companies, which are not paying any dividends, or whose dividend per share is growing at a rate higher than Ke, or whose dividend policies are highly volatile. The dividend growth model approach also fails to deal with risk directly. In contrast, the CAPM has a wider application although it is based on restrictive assumptions. The only condition for its use is that the company’s share is quoted on the stock exchange. Also, all variables in the CAPM are market determined and expect the company specific share price data; they are common to all companies. The value of beta is determined in an objective manner by using sound statistical method. One practical problem with the use of beta, however, is that it does not probably remain stable over time.

The Capital asset pricing model (CAPM) provides an alternative approach for the calculation of the cost of equity. As per the CAPM, the required rate of return on equity is given is given by the following relationship:

Ke = Rf + (Rm – Rf) Bi

Above equation requires the following three parameters to estimate a firm’s cost of equity: The risk free rate (Rf).
The market risk premium (Rm – Rf).
The beta of the firm’s share.

(1). the risk free rate

The yields on the government treasury securities are used as the risk-free rate. You can use returns either on the short term or the long term treasury securities. It is a common practice to use the return on the short term treasury bills as the risk free rate. Since investments are long term decisions, many analysts prefer to use...

...head: PRICINGMODELSPricingModels
Adam F. Thornton
FIN 501 – 3
TUI University
Dr. William Anderson
Chipotle Mexican Grill (CMG) is one of the fastest growing restaurant chains in the United States. Self proclaimed as “fast-casual,” CMG offers a dining experience that is unique, organic, and which draws from the local economy. For the investor, CMG is a wise investment for the aggressive and fast growing...

...your reasoning
Undiversifiable (market )risk:
Market risk is the variability in all risky assets caused by macroeconomic variables. This risk cannot be avoided, regardless of the amount of diversification. Systematic risk (Market risk) factors are those macroeconomic variables that affect the valuation of all risky assets such as variability in the growth of the money supply, interest rate volatility, variability in aggregate...

...CapitalAssetPricingModel
The CapitalAssetPricingModel otherwise know as CAPM defines the relationship between risk and return for individual securities. William Sharpe published the capitalassetpricingmodel in 1964. CAPM extended Harry Markowitz's portfolio theory to introduce the notions of systematic and...

...Multifactor Models of Risk and Return. (QUESTIONS)
1. Both the capitalassetpricingmodel and the arbitrage pricing theory rely on the proposition that a no-risk, no-wealth investment should earn, on average, no return. Explain why this should be the case, being sure to describe briefly the similarities and differences between CAPM and APT. Also, using either of these theories, explain how superior...

...Return on Asset "i" is 12%, the Risk-Free Rate is 4%, and the Beta (b) for Asset "i" is 1.2.
b. Find the Risk-Free Rate given that the Expected Rate of Return on Asset "j" is 9%, the Expected Return on the Market Portfolio is 10%, and the Beta (b) for Asset "j" is 0.8.
c. What do you think the Beta (β) of your portfolio would be if you owned half of all the stocks traded on the major exchanges? Explain.
3. In one page explain what...

...CapitalAssetPricingModel (CAPM): Pros and Cons.
CAPM defines the relationship between risk and return. The premise of the model is that the expected investment return varies in direct proportion to its risk, i.e., the riskier the investment - the higher the return you should expect.
Shows:
• how much risk you are taking when investing in an instrument?
• whether the instrument is rightly priced
• whether you are...

...CAPITALASSETPRICINGMODEL (CAPM) The capitalassetpricingmodel (CAPM) is an important model in finance theory. CAPM is a theory or model use to calculate the risk and expected return rate of an investment portfolio (normally refer to stocks or shares). All stocks have 2 risks: Systematic Risk (also called Market Risk which affect every stocks) and...

...calculation for debt. Nike’s total interest expense was $58.7 million, so their cost of debt was found to be 4.3%. Joanna used a tax rate of 38% in her calculations, making Nike’s cost of debt after tax to be 2.7%. Joanna decided to use the CAPM model in her calculation of Nike’s cost of equity. She used the risk-free rate of 5.74% on a 20-year Treasury bond, the geometric mean for market risk premium from 1929 to 1999 which was 5.9%, and Nike’s average beta from 1996 to...

1321 Words |
4 Pages

Share this Document

{"hostname":"studymode.com","essaysImgCdnUrl":"\/\/images-study.netdna-ssl.com\/pi\/","useDefaultThumbs":true,"defaultThumbImgs":["\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_1.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_2.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_3.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_4.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_5.png"],"thumb_default_size":"160x220","thumb_ac_size":"80x110","isPayOrJoin":false,"essayUpload":false,"site_id":1,"autoComplete":false,"isPremiumCountry":false,"userCountryCode":"GB","logPixelPath":"\/\/www.smhpix.com\/pixel.gif","tracking_url":"\/\/www.smhpix.com\/pixel.gif","cookies":{"unlimitedBanner":"off"},"essay":{"essayId":34846729,"categoryName":"Periodicals","categoryParentId":"17","currentPage":1,"format":"text","pageMeta":{"text":{"startPage":1,"endPage":2,"pageRange":"1-2","totalPages":2}},"access":"premium","title":"Capital Asset Pricing Model vs Dividend Growth Model","additionalIds":[3,7,93,5],"additional":["Business \u0026 Economy","Education","Education\/Greek System","Computer Science"],"loadedPages":{"html":[],"text":[1,2]}},"user":null,"canonicalUrl":"http:\/\/www.studymode.com\/essays\/Capital-Asset-Pricing-Model-Vs-Dividend-695485.html","pagesPerLoad":50,"userType":"member_guest","ct":10,"ndocs":"1,500,000","pdocs":"6,000","cc":"10_PERCENT_1MO_AND_6MO","signUpUrl":"https:\/\/www.studymode.com\/signup\/","joinUrl":"https:\/\/www.studymode.com\/join","payPlanUrl":"\/checkout\/pay","upgradeUrl":"\/checkout\/upgrade","freeTrialUrl":"https:\/\/www.studymode.com\/signup\/?redirectUrl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.studymode.com%2Fcheckout%2Fpay%2Ffree-trial\u0026bypassPaymentPage=1","showModal":"get-access","showModalUrl":"https:\/\/www.studymode.com\/signup\/?redirectUrl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.studymode.com%2Fjoin","joinFreeUrl":"\/essays\/?newuser=1","siteId":1,"facebook":{"clientId":"306058689489023","version":"v2.8","language":"en_US"},"analytics":{"googleId":"UA-32718321-1"}}