Disease: Candidiasis (Yeast Infection)
Candidiasis is the most common type of yeast infection. A yeast infection results from an overgrowth of yeast (a type of fungus) anywhere in the body. These fungi live on all surfaces of our bodies. Under certain conditions, they can become so numerous they cause infections, particularly in warm and moist areas. Examples of such infections are vaginal yeast infections, thrush (infection of tissues of the oral cavity), skin and diaper rash, and nailbed infections. Candidal infections commonly occur in warm moist body areas, such as underarms. Usually your skin effectively blocks yeast, but any breakdown or cuts in the skin may allow this organism to penetrate. Causes:
Yeasts are found in the vagina of most healthy women, but they can overgrow if the environment in the vagina changes. Antibiotic and steroid use is the most common reason for yeast overgrowth. But pregnancy, menstruation, sperm, diabetes, and birth control pills also can contribute to getting a yeast infection. Yeast infections are more common after menopause. A significant amount of people with weakened immune systems develop a systemic illness caused by Candida. These infections enter into the bloodstream through breakdowns or cuts in the skin or mucous membranes. Use of devices implanted in the skin such as urinary catheters and IV ports also provide access for the yeast to enter the body. Symptoms and Signs:
Women affected by yeast infection have white vaginal discharge that is thick in consistency that resembles cottage cheese. The infection can result in itching and irritation of the vaginal area. Victims may also experience pain with sexual intercourse or burning with urination. For infants and adults alike, a candiasis can appear many different ways such as oral candidiasis, also known as thrush. Thick, white lacy patches on top of a red base can form on the tongue, palate, or elsewhere inside the mouth. These patches...