“Therefore, those who have maintained that all is well have been talking nonsense: they should have maintained that all is for the best,” says Pangloss, the apparent legendary philosopher, confidently in the book Candide by Voltaire. This satirical story is about a simple gentle man named Candide who struggles to define the meaning of life, good, and evil. In this book, Voltaire attempts to demonstrate the ridiculousness of the philosophy that everything is for the best of all possible worlds. Throughout the story, Candide goes through many adventures with the love of his life, Lady Cunegonde, and faces many hardships. It is through these hardships of Candide that Voltaire ridicules the faults of Pangloss’s philosophy that everything is for the best in this best of all worlds.
Candide is born in the castle of Baron Thunder-ten-tronckh, where Pangloss is considered the best scholar. For his entire childhood, Candide is taught from Pangloss that everything is for the best and that even the events that seem evil eventually contribute to a bigger and better cause. However, as Candide gets out into the real world, he finds many contradictions and doubts this philosophy numerous times.
The first time that Candide doubts Pangloss’s philosophy is when he witnesses the death of the James the Anabaptist. James is one of the kindest characters that Candide meets. After Candide escapes wounded and malnourished out of the battle between the Bulgars and the Avars, he is treated very harshly by an orator of a charity and his wife. When James sees this, he provides hospitality for Candide and restores him back to good health. He even offers a job to Candide. Candide is very touched and thankful to James and accepts the job. James is so kind that when they find Pangloss sick with syphilis in the streets later, he cures Pangloss and gives him a job also. However when the three go on a business trip to Lisbon, disaster strikes. During the voyage, their ship...
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