Common Cancer Diagnosis, Causes, Cymptoms and Treatment
Communication Skills 2
Professor: Pratima Upadhyay
Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body (A.D.A.M Medical Encyclopedia). Cancer forms when normal cells in the body grows and divide too quickly. It also occurs when cells don't die. The lungs, colon, breast, skin, and bones are familiar places for cancer to develop. However, it can form on any organ or tissue in the body. Depending on the location of the tumor a simple biopsy can be done to diagnosis cancer, a biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue for laboratory examination, or it may require a surgical procedure. A CAT scan is also another test that can be preformed to determine the location and size of a tumor. A CT scan uses x-rays to create cross sectional pictures of the body (A.D.A.M Medical Encyclopedia). Different cancers are most common depending on the part of the world. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer related deaths in the United States. According to the American Cancer Society, the estimated number of new cases of cancer for 2012 is about 40,000 plus.A research paper was conducted considering the following questions. What are some of the different types of cancers
What are some of the causes, symptoms and treatments
What are the different types of cancers?
There are many types of cancer such as brain, cervical , kidney, liver, ovarian, testicular, etc. The most common types of cancer found in men in the U. S. are prostate, lung, and colon cancer. Breast cancer, ovarian and lung cancer are more popular in women in the U. S.
When cancer forms in a gland in the male reproductive system this causes prostate cancer(Pub Med Health). Men can be screened for prostate cancer before symptoms begin. Early detection can help catch prostate cancer at an early stage. When abnormal tissues are found in the prostate early it is easier to treat. Men who are at risk for prostate cancer includes, but not limited to African Americans, men who are older than 60 and men with a family history of prostate cancer. According, to the cancer National Institute there has been 241,740 new cases of prostate cancer reported and 28,170 deaths so far in 2012.
Lung cancer is another type of common cancer found in the U. S. According to Lynne Eldrige on About.com, lung cancer is currently responsible for 29 percent of cancer related deaths in the U.S. Most lung cancer begins in the cells that live in the bronchi tube. This tube is located down your wind pipe and runs into the lungs, allowing air to travel through your nose and into your chest. There are two different types of lung cancer. NON small lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. NSCLC is the most common type of lung cancer. NSCLS are adenocarcinomas which is usually located on the outter area of the lung. Squamous Cell carcinomas located in the center next to the air tube and large cell carcmomas that can occur in any part of the lung (ADAM Medical Encyclopedia). Fluid around the lungs can be a positive indicator of lung cancer. You can listen for fluids by using a sethoscope. Lung cancer may sometime spread if not detected early. Test that may be done to see if it has spread include but is not limited to bone scan, chest x-ray and complete blood count. According to the American society lung cancer is...
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