Cancer - 2

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 245
  • Published: December 5, 2012
Read full document
Text Preview
Cancer

Semester-Spring 2012

Did you know there are more than 100 types of cancers; any part of the body can be affected. In 2008, 7.6 million people died of cancer, 13% of all deaths worldwide. Sad to say, but about 70% of all cancer deaths occur in low and middle- income countries. This next fact is really shocking. Worldwide, the five most common types of cancer that kill men are (in order of frequency): Lung, Stomach, Liver, Colorectal and Esophagus. The women in the world have the same issues but two different cancer areas get affected more. There common five in the order of frequency are breast, lung, stomach, colorectal and cervical. The feared name cancer is sweeping the nation with nothing in its way. We as people need to come up with a cure in a respectable manner of time.

Lung Cancer can be shown/found in males, females, adults and children. No matter your age, shape, color or size. A question a person may ask is what causes lung cancer? Smoking is by far the leading risk factor for lung cancer. Tobacco smoke causes more than eight out of 10 cases of lung cancer. The longer a person has been smoking and the more packs per day smoked, the greater the risk. If a person stops smoking before lung cancer develops, lung tissue will slowly return to normal. Cigar and pipe smoking are almost as likely to cause lung cancer as is cigarette smoking. You can also get lung cancer from second hand smoke. Another question may be what is the current treatment for lung cancer? The best way to avoid death from lung cancer is never to smoke or to stop smoking. The other option if you already have it is, Radiation, Various chemotherapies and surgery.

Stomach Cancer is a sack like organ that holds food and begins the digestion process. Cancer can start in any part of the stomach. The stomach has five layers. As cancer grows deeper into the layers, the prognosis for the patient gets worse. Starting from the inside, the innermost layer is called the mucosa. Next is a supporting layer called the sub mucosa which is surrounded by the musclaris, a layer of muscle that moves and mixes the stomach contents. The next two layers, the subserosa and the serosa (the outer most) layer, act as wrapping for the stomach. Stomach cancer usually starts in the mucosa (adenocarcinoma). What are the causes and risk factors of stomach cancer? Scientists have found several risk factors that make a person more likely to develop stomach cancer. The major risk factors include: Bacteria infection, Tobacco, Diet, obesity, stomach surgery, Type A blood, stomach polyps, Gender, Ethnicity, Age and your family history. Bacterial infection is the infection with bacteria (Helicobacter pylori) may be a major causes of stomach cancer. Long-term infection with these bacteria can lead to inflammation and damage of the inner layer of the stomach. This bacterium is also linked to some types of lymphoma of the stomach, but most people with this bacterium never develop cancer. Tobacco makes all the difference smoking almost doubles the risk of stomach cancer. Your diet plays a big part in stomach cancer. An increased risk of stomach cancer is linked to diets high in smoked foods, salted fish and meats and pickled vegetables. Eating whole grain products and fresh fruits and vegetables that contain vitamins A and C appears to lower the risk of stomach cancer. Now with obesity being overweight (excess body fat) or obese (abnormally high, unhealthy amount of body fat) is major risk factor of many cancers, including cancer of the stomach. If you had stomach surgery cancer is more likely to occur in people who have had part of their stomach removed. Your blood type matters Type A blood for unknown reasons, people with type A blood have higher risk for stomach cancer. This next one is a new one for me also, stomach polyps. Polyps are small mushroom-like growths on the lining of the stomach. Most types of polyps do not increase the risk of stomach cancer. One type,...
tracking img