The Canada Pension Plan is a contributory, earnings-related social insurance program. It ensures a measure of protection to a contributor and his or her family against the loss of income due to retirement, disability and death.
There are three kinds of Canada Pension Plan benefits:
* disability benefits (which include benefits for disabled contributors and benefits for their dependent children); * retirement pension; and
* survivor benefits (which include the death benefit, the survivor's pension and the children's benefit).
The Canada Pension Plan operates throughout Canada, although the province of Quebec has its own similar program, the Quebec Pension Plan. The Canada Pension Plan and the Quebec Pension Plan work together to ensure that all contributors are protected.
2. Who pays into the Canada Pension Plan?
With very few exceptions, every person in Canada over the age of 18 who earns a salary must pay into the Canada Pension Plan. You and your employer each pay half of the contributions. If you are self-employed, you pay both portions.
You do not make contributions if you are receiving a Canada Pension Plan disability or retirement pension. At age 70, you stop contributing even if you have not stopped working.
3. How much do I pay into the Canada Pension Plan?
The amount you pay is based on your salary. If you are self-employed, it is based on your net business income (after expenses). You do not contribute on any other source of income, such as investment earnings.
If, during a year, you contributed too much or earned less than a set minimum amount, you will receive a refund of contributions when you complete your income tax return.
You only pay contributions on your annual earnings between the minimum and a set maximum level (these are called your "pensionable" earnings).
The minimum level is frozen at $3,500. The maximum level is adjusted each January,...