The first Canadian Indian Act was issued in 1876. Though it has been revised
numerous times, this hundred and thirty year old legislation has been left virtually
unchanged. Established in order to ensure the assimilation of Native Americans in
Canada, the Indian Act instead had achieved the total opposite. It has made this
distinction more and has given immense power to the government, letting them control
all who reside on the reserves. It was then that the distinction between Status Indians and
Non-Status Indians was made. The Canadian government quickly displayed their control
by forbidding the sale of any land within the reserve unless it was turned over to the
Another major part of the act was the enfranchisement of the Native American.
When most refused to become enfranchised, the government made it so all Native
Americans obtaining a University degree would automatically become enfranchised. In
the amendment of 1884, the government banned the potlatch ceremony (a popular
celebration among the First Nations an the Pacific Coast) for they believe it was a corrupt
and destructive ritual. In 1951, after the imprisonment of numerous Natives, this
legislation was dropped by the act. In 1927, it became forbidden for any person to raise
money for Aboriginal in order to pursue any claim, unless permission was granted by the
Superintendent General of Indian Affairs, yet attempt in making them absolutely
dependent of the government. The next important change occurred in 1960 when the
Aboriginal were finally given the right to vote. Though the implementation of better
health services and the accessibility to education increased, the First Nations still found
themselves living below the poverty standard of average Canadians.
As we fast forward to the present, we see that this act may have diversified effects on
Native American people. Take for example a small northern reserve. We have people
who live in poorly constructed homes that are not even built to withstand the cold. They
cannot even afford running water, which makes laundry and bathing a difficult task. All
of this is happening because they are not self sufficient. These people do not have the
knowledge needed to properly run the reserve. These Native Americans have no choice
but to depend on a government that cannot fulfill the their needs. Besides not receiving
enough funds from the government, they are expected to pay ridiculously high prices to
satisfy their basic needs such as food from convenient stores. Though they intend to one
day own their own stores, they are practically denied the opportunity to communicate
with those in charge.
On the positive side, they have learned English, their children do attend school.
However, the level of education is not sufficient. To be able to assimilate into an
environment, they would have to work harder yet they are continuously slowed down by
the government. This is simply one example of a people living in atrocious conditions.
There are Natives living a better life. They are well educated, having degrees in
engineering, law, architecture among others. Most of their population is employed and
nearly self sufficient. They lead lives very similar to those of non-status Indians. A great
achievement on their part, but not quite perfect. Since the Canadian government banned
the right for any Native American to own or sell any land, they cannot sell the houses
they have built. Outsiders are reluctant to purchase houses on the reserve for they fear its
unstable situation. Another clause in the Indian act prohibits them to connect to the major
In conclusion, it...
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