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Canadian and American History of Relations with Aboriginal People...

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Canadian and American History of Relations with Aboriginal Peoples -compare treatment of First Nations by AMerican and Canadians -consider whether either could be considered humane.

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Differences between Canadian and American History of Relations with Aboriginal PeoplesWhile treaties, the presence of the North West Mounted Police and British law differentiated Canadian treatment of First Nations from the Americans, the idea that Canadians were humane and just was largely a myth. Because Americans waged a war of extermination against their Indians population, Canadians believed they were just in their dealing with the Canadian Natives. Legal recognition of native people led to a difference in the treatment of native groups in Canada in contrast to the Americans. Some of the differences were due to political, ideological, and economic factors.

19th century settlements in Canada differed in one crucial respect from its American counterpart. While Canadians had a political policy of making treaties with the Native people, Americans were by this time rapidly expanding without attempts at making treaties. Though in one instance, where the Americans had made treaties with the Iroquois, the Iroquois had conceded land that was traditionally the hunting grounds of another tribe who refused to recognise the Iroquois right to sell their land. This led to skirmishes with the Americans who as a result annihilated the tribe (Time Life 89). Regardless of this instance, by this time treaties were largely ignored by the Americans. King Georges Proclamation of 1763 had regulated that settlers were required to make legal treaties with aboriginal people before occupying their land (Encyclopedia Britannica). The Americans resented anything that restricted their expansion into the west. British control was seen as corrupt and tyrannical. In Canada, by contrast, expansion was carried out with legal treaties within police presence (Bowers and Garrod 190). Unlike the Americans, Canadians operated within the context of British law. Because of these political differences, treaties in Canada were carried out constitutionally while in America they were not. In America,...