Canada in a Post 9/11 World

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Canada in a Post 9/11 World

September 11th, 2001, the day that the biggest terrorist attacks in history took place, the attack on the World Trade Centre in New York City. Even though this act of terrorism took place in the United States, it still had a major effect on Canada and changed a lot about the country and formatted what Canada is today. I will speak of four ways in which 9/11 affected Canada: The accusation that some of the hijackers entered the U.S. through Canada, how 9/11 affected immigration to Canada for Muslims, the way Muslims live in Canada today, and the story of Maher Arar and its relation 9/11.

One of the biggest ways that 9/11 has affected Canada was through an accusation was brought up by a sitting U.S. Senator, Montana representative Conrad Burns[1].The accusation stated that some of the terrorists who hijacked the planes entered the U.S. through Canada. Another high-profile politician that has agreed with and advocated this statement is John McCain, who said, "Well, some of the 9-11 hijackers did come through Canada, as you know," in April 2009 on a Fox News report.[2] However, also in April 2009, Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano said that Canada is a “close ally and an important partner,” and "I know that the September 11th hijackers did not come through Canada to the United States,” in a statement released by U.S. Homeland Security.[3] This finally put an end it seems to this accusation, which was beneficial because a lot of controversy was surrounding this subject. This rumour was started because many people believe that Canadian borders going into the U.S. are, or at least were before 9/11, not very secured, thus making it the easiest way to get into the U.S., which is what terrorists would want to do. Right now, there are about 2,200 border patrol agents posted at the Canada-U.S. border, which is an increase of more than 600% since 9/11.[4] Also, in an effort to improve security, Canadians are now required to show their passport when they cross the border into the U.S. This shows that even though the accusation that some, if not all, of the hijackers entered the U.S. through Canada was discovered to be wrong, the thought of that happening resulted in the U.S. adding extra border patrollers, along with other new rules and regulations.

Another way that 9/11 has affected Canada is the way Canada spends its money has been greatly refined, with more money being used to protect Canada. Since 9/11, security at airports around the world has increased dramatically, with metal detectors, x-ray scanners, and many other technologies to help keep countries safe. However, it can also be a huge waste of time, such as how you can’t carry more than 100mL of cologne in your carryon bag, or how they measure your nail clippers and nail file since they could be a “threat” to national security. The most recent addition too many airports in the U.S. is a machine called the Backscatter X-Ray. It’s a very controversial machine that allows the person watching it to see through your clothes, which is a big invasion of privacy and has sparked much debate about whether or not it should even be legal.[5] Since 9/11, a lot of money that could have been used for other important things like helping combat poverty, debt reduction, or the environment, has been used in an effort to improve the national security of Canada so that an attack like 9/11 doesn’t happen here. Around $24 billion has been spent on improving national security, after Liberal Prime Minister Jean Chrétien pledged to spend $7.7 billion over five years to strengthen Canada's defences against terrorism in December 2001.[6] However, Chrétien’s promise of $7.7 billion was only the beginning; since 9/11, Canada has spent $15 billion on domestic security, which includes things like paying domestic airlines to fit their planes out with reinforced doors on the pilots' cabins to installing costly high-tech detection...
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