Canada has a policy of multiculturalism. Does this policy meet reality? Through the Canadian Multiculturalism Act, the Government of Canada recognizes the diversity of Canadians as regards race, national or ethnic origin, colour and religion as a fundamental characteristic of Canadian society and is committed to a policy of multiculturalism designed to preserve and enhance the multicultural heritage of Canadians and equality of opportunity in the economic, social, cultural and political life of Canada. “Under the Act, all federal institutions shall:
•ensure that Canadians of all origins have an equal opportunity to obtain employment and advancement in those institutions; •promote policies, programs and practices that enhance the ability of individuals and communities of all origins to contribute to the continuing evolution of Canada; •promote policies, programs and practices that enhance the understanding of and respect for the diversity of the members of Canadian society; •collect statistical data in order to enable the development of policies, programs and practices that are sensitive and responsive to the multicultural reality of Canada; •make use, as appropriate, of the language skills and cultural understanding of individuals of all origins; and, •generally, carry on their activities in a manner that is sensitive and responsive to the multicultural reality of Canada.” The concept of Canada as a "multicultural society" can be interpreted in different ways: descriptively, prescriptively, from a political perspective, or as a set of intergroup dynamics. Multiculturalism in Canada refers to the presence and persistence of diverse racial and ethnic minorities who define themselves as different and who wish to remain so. Ideologically, multiculturalism consists of a relatively coherent set of ideas and ideals pertaining to the celebration of Canada’s cultural mosaic. Multiculturalism at the policy level is structured around the management of...
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