Canada's Involvement with the War in Iraq

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Since the attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001, U.S allies have been faced with many new decisions. Canada is one of the closest allies of the United States and has long shared the same goals, making the controversy surrounding the U.S. war with Iraq one of importance for the Canadian parliament and its citizens. Questions of justification and UN implications have left the country with mixed feelings. These mixed feelings presented disagreements between the Canadian Liberal Government and its official opposition, the Conservative Party. These are only a few outlooks of the Canadian government and its people that are not widely known outside the borders of Canada, and so, this paper will discuss these issues in an attempt to enlighten readers on the subject. Therefore the question remains, how has Canada been involved in the U.S. war on Iraq, and where do the opinions of the Canadian government and citizens lay?

Overview of Canada's political system
In order to better comprehend the decisions of Canada, that is to say, who is making them and why, it is beneficial to understand the country's political system and framework. The Parliament of Canada is Canada's legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. The parliament consists of an upper and lower house much like the traditional British Parliamentary system which the Canadian system is modeled after. The consent of the Prime Minister, as well as the legislature is often required to ratify treaties and declare war, including the case of joining the war on Iraq with the U.S. The Prime Minister is responsible for looking after the best interests of the Canadian population.

The History of Canadian Involvement in the War
The first evidence of Canadian participation came after the attacks of 9/11 when the Prime Minister at the time, Jean Chretien ordered the military on full alert and offered...
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