ASSIGNMENT Q. 2
The aim of this essay is to discuss “Can the study of politics be scientific or not?” and I will give reasons for my arguments. It will be divided into three parts: the first part is the introduction, the second part discusses politics and science then the last part concludes the essay. Keywords: Politics and Scientific
Politics: There are various definitions of politics.
i. Politics is the art of managing conflicts. Conflicts occur at different levels for example between two or more people, between communities and between countries that is when people compete for different positions and when we go to vote. ii. Politics can be understood as power and influence; that is it involves power, a relationship between people in which some people get offers to obey them. iii. Politics can also be conceived of as conflict management and it is the art of managing conflicts between different individuals and groups. iv. Politics is also about who get what, when and how.
Science: “Science is a knowledge”, writes Dr. Garner, “relating to a particular subject acquired by a systematic observation, experience or study which have been coordinated systematized and classified,” Dr. Garner: “Political Science and Government,” page 11.
CAN THE STUDY OF POLITICS BE SCIENTIFIC OR NOT?
There is a great diversity of opinion about the scientific character of this Science which conducts the study of the State and the Government. Some scholars consider politics as a Science of the State and the Government while others are of the opinion that it is one of the most backwards of all the arts. It was Aristotle the great thinker and writer of Greece on this subject (Politics) who first of all called it the supreme Science. Some other distinguished scholars like Bodin, Hobbles, Sidgwick, Bluntichli, Lord Bryce, Montesquieu, Cornwall Lewis and Jellinck are also of the same opinion. I am also of the same opinion that the study...