Calvin and Loyola

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Angel Pate
World History
Lesson 25 Assignment
August 27, 2011
Calvin and Loyola
John Calvin, born in 1509, was aiming towards being a lawyer just like his father had always wanted him to do. However, his religious curiosity struck him, and he ended up forming what is now called Calvinism. Calvin’s beliefs on salvation can be summed up in one acrostic: TULIP. The “T” stands for “total depravity,” meaning that we are no better than anyone else, and we are all sinners. The “U” stands for “unconditional election,” meaning God gets to decide which sinner goes to heaven and which sinner goes to hell. The “L” stands for “limited atonement,” meaning God only died for the sinners that are going to heaven. The “I” stands for “irresistable grace,” meaning that if God elects you to go to heaven, you cannot resist it and you have no say in the matter. The “P” stands for “perserverance of the saints,” meaning that everyone who has been saved will remain in that state no matter the circumstances. This is the way the John Calvin wanted people to believe, and this is the way many people do believe.

Ignatius Loyola was different from Martin Luther and John Calvin in the fact that he found his salvation in mystical experiences, not in the scriptures. There are 18 rules to Loyola’s beliefs that had to be followed to follow Loyola. Loyola’s beliefs about salvation focused on faith and faith alone. Loyola’s form of belief was exactly how it is supposed to be in the Catholic church, perfect. Loyola was the founder of the Jesuit Order of the Roman Catholic Church, which helped establish the Counter Reformation.

A lot of people were drawn to the belief of Calvinism because it was a pure translation of Christianity at the time, and it was more convenient for the people to believe Calvinism before anything else. A lot of people were attracted to both Calvin’s and Loyola’s beliefs because people were in the stage of fearing death. They were scared they were not gonna...
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