Call for Independence Study Guide

Topics: United States Declaration of Independence, American Revolution, John Adams Pages: 2 (350 words) Published: February 18, 2012
2.2 study guide call of the independence

What year was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
In 1776
When and where did the first battles occur between England and the colonies? * April, Lexington
* concord 
What did King George think about the First Continental Congress? He thought they were a group of treasonous rebels who needed to be hung. He did not like them even a little bit. 1. What was the main idea of Thomas Paine's Common Sense? The main idea of common sense was to show the colonists why to declare independence.

Who were some famous members of the Declaration Committee?
* John Adams of Massachusetts
* Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania
* Thomas Jefferson of Virginia
* Robert R. Livingston of New York
* Roger Sherman of Connecticut 
Who wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence?  The committee decided that Jefferson would write the draft, which he showed to Franklin and Adams. Prior to deciding on Jefferson, both Adams and Franklin turned down the offer, citing that if they wrote it people would read it with a biased eye. Franklin himself made at least 48 corrections. Jefferson then produced another copy incorporating these changes, and the committee presented this copy to the Continental Congress on June 28, 1776. What were the three main parts of the Declaration of Independence? 1. The Introduction. This is the opening paragraph; a single sentence beginning with "We the People..." It is sometime erroneously referred to as the Preamble, probably because the opening paragraph of the US Constitution is referred to as the Preamble to the Constitution. 

2. The Preamble. The second paragraph, which begins with "We hold these truths to be self-evident. The Preamble sets the logic al argument that people have rights, that people form governments to secure those rights and when a government becomes destructive of those rights, the people have a right and a duty to throw off...
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