Working with babies from birth to 12 months
E1-Summarise the factors which may influence the health and development of babies in the first year of their lives Environmental factors such as not having enough space in the garden for the baby to play and explore will influence their development as they may not be able to expand their gross and fine motor skills. “Generally, people with a high level of earnings enjoy a better lifestyle, with better housing, food, clothes and own transport.” Parents may not have enough money to buy toys and the essential equipment for the baby, which means they will have different experiences.
Another factor could be the parents own experiences of being parented were compromised and have difficulties parenting their children. Having good role models as parents impacts on the parents were going to become.
Another reason could be the financial climate rising, so parents have to return to work sooner after birth. This has a knock on effect when bonding with the baby e.g. not being able to breastfeeding or spending quality time together. Thus putting strain on the parent/child relationship. Finding appropriate supervision, long working hours, tired, stressed all these factors have effect.
Another factor is genetics which may influence the health and development of the baby. Some illnesses are inherited through genes. For example Down’s syndrome, this is resulted from a chromosomal abnormality. The baby can have problems such as heart defects and chest infections. http://www.marchofdimes.com/baby/birthdefects_chromosomal.html accessed on the 27th January 2012
Illnesses such as meningitis can cause epilepsy and hearing problems, whilst asthma is long term and the baby may need to have asthma pumps. The baby may have a poor appetite, constipation and feel ill.
Their weight and height may be below average, if they have not been developing correctly due to illness.
Antenatal factors influence development of the baby, during pregnancy. The mother may have taken illegal drugs or alcohol. This can cause the baby to develop an addiction, and may have to be weaned off. Infections can pass through the umbilical cord such as rubella, which can leave the baby deaf or blind when born.
Another is if the parent smokes during pregnancy this can have an effect on the foetus reducing blood flow which reduces oxygen significantly that the foetus requires developing correctly. Babies that are born to smokers are more likely to be either premature or have low weight issues or in some cases both. http://www.helpwithsmoking.com/smoking-and-pregnancy/effects-on-foetus-pregnancy.php accessed 27th January 2012
During delivery, there may be complications which can affect the baby’s health such as lack of oxygen. This can be caused by the umbilical cord becoming entangled. As a result, the baby can be left brain damaged.
Premature births can effect a baby’s growth and development. The child may develop breathing difficulties also prone to infection as the child hasn’t developed the antibodies they require to fight infections It’s crucial for a baby to be around others and have different experiences, in their first years of life, children develop the social and emotional capacities that prepare them to be self-confident, trusting, empathic, intellectually inquisitive, communication skills and social skills.
Not having opportunities the likely outcome they’ll form fragile relationships, and affect the way children react, relate to others and respond to the world around them. E2-Describe how indoor and outdoor environments can be made safe, reassuring and stimulating. The indoor environment can be made safe by never leaving children unattended, because of accidents. There should always be correct staff to baby ratio, which is 1 Adult to 3 Children. Whilst the baby sleeps, practitioners should be aware of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and keep the baby at the end of the...