E1: Health and safety at work act 1974: This legislation provides necessary information, training and supervision to enable safety of environment. For childcare settings it ensures policies and procedures are in place and reports are made if anything unsafe occurs in the setting. Childcare act 2006: Within this act is the every child matters program (ECM) which focuses on children’s safety, health, economic well-being, that they enjoy and achieve and make a positive contribution to society. The aims are to improve the well being of young children and provide better parental information services. The food safety act 1990: This act entails that all staff whom handle food need to be supervised if not trained in food hygiene to ensure children get a balance of healthy food and vitamins. Its important so food poisoning is not possible within the setting. Having posters up will help practitioners to comply with the legislation. RIDDOR 1995: To report and recorded incidents and accidents within a setting, so if an accident occurs regularly there is clearly fault and reason for this so need to be reported. Illness also needs to be reported, for example hepatitis. If an outbreak happens within the setting needs to be recorded and reported to Riddor. COSHH Regulations 2002: controls substances that are hazardous to health Settings need to comply with this to keep children from harm, can cause illness. Hazardous waste needs to be disposed of effectively. Hazardous materials need to be in the right place within childcare settings. Things like bleach need to be stored correctly, out of reach!
E2: Bump on the head- If a child has bumped their head the injury is treated with a cool pack on bump and practitioners need to write on an accident form to inform parents when the child goes home. Child needs to be observed every 10 minutes as can lead to concussion. If child shows symptoms of this parents should be called to collect the child. Asthma attack- If child has asthma within the setting a practitioner should have a list of how much and how often they need the medicine. If an asthma attack happens the child’s asthma pump should be easy to acquire and given to open the child’s airways. If symptoms still persist need to ring for further help and call parents. Sickness and diarrhoea- A child should be kept of the premises for 48 hours after their last symptoms. If have to deal with a child in the setting who shows the symptoms you need to wear gloves and an apron to prevent any contamination towards you. The next step would be to isolate the child while reassuring him/her as keeping the child around others could cause infection to other children. You should also give the child plenty of water to drink to keep him/her hydrated. Signs of meningitis - Meningitis can be fatal and is very infectious disease. Some of the signs of meningitis are signs of severe headaches, nausea, eyes hurt from light and vomiting and joint pains. When in the setting the immediate plan of action would be firstly reassure the child and isolate the child from the group and take them to a secluded place. The next part of the plan would be to send someone to ring up the emergency services and inform parents.
E3: A daily care routine for a child aged 1:
7.30-8.30| Welcome children and breakfast|
8.30-9.30| Supported free flow play opportunities and drink.| 9.30-11.30| Follow Weekly planning for the mornings learning opportunities.Nappy change and feeds. Many opportunities will be available for the children to experience. For example treasure basket/floor toys etc.| 11.30-12.30| Lunch time.|
12.30-2.30| Sleep time and quite activity|
2.30-3.30| Nappy change and drink. Follow weekly planning for the afternoons learning opportunities. Many opportunities will be available for the children to experience. For example painting/ outdoor play etc| 3.30-4.30| Tea time |
4.30-5.00| Story time and singing.|