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E1+E2 Describe THREE different types of settings which provide care and education for children in your area: Statutory sector, Voluntary sector, Private sector Describe how EACH of the types of settings identified in E1 aims to support children and their families. Statutory settings are free of charge and are by law required to provide for children and families. They are funded by people who pay taxes and national insurance. Examples are public schools, hospitals, doctors, social services. “Statutory organizations are organizations that, by law, have to exist. These organizations often include public services like Police, Fire companies, and hospitals. Schools also fall under this umbrella. In addition to these organization there are others that fall under this. Usually adult and community services are also included.” http://www.reference.com/motif/society/what-is-a-statutory-organisation All schools and training providers are inspected within 6 years of their last inspection by an independent organisation with specialist instructors called Estyn. Tref y Rhyg School is an example of a statutory organisation. In Wales children can attend school at the age of 3 where they are taught the foundation stage which has 7 core aims to provide for children These include creativity, personal and social skills and the welsh language. A classroom needs the following areas for children to play: Role play(kitchen),construction(cars, mark making(threading),creative(painting),small world area, book corner, IT, outdoor area(bikes). Tref-y-Rhyg has a breakfast club and a variety of after school clubs which is great for working families and children. Voluntary settings are non profit organisations where they provide services not required to do so but choose too. These settings mostly rely on fundraising. Examples are play groups, Brownies, youth clubs, charities. One example is Children in Need. “BBC Children in Need is the BBC's UK corporate charity. Thanks to the support of the public, we're able to make a real difference to the lives of children all across the UK. How do we do this? Read all about our vision and how we operate below. Our Vision

Our vision is that every child in the UK has a childhood which is: * Safe
* Happy and Secure
* Allows them the chance to reach their potential”
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b008dk4b/features/what-we-do

Private settings provide care where you pay a fee to use the service. They are inspected to ensure that the health and safety of children are maintained. Examples are crèches, child minder, holiday clubs, leisure centres. In Tonyrefail we have a setting Four seasons activity centre which is a service where children are picked up from local schools and provide an after school club. For working parents it is an excellent provider for children to be cared for which provides a wide range of play and craft activities. “Private settings: these settings make a profit from providing their services, like a business. They are inspected to ensure that the health and safety of the children are maintained.” http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_difference_between_statutory_private_and_voluntary_settings_that_care_for_children

All the above help children and families in providing guidance, support, a start in life.

E3 Describe the main legislation in your country that supports the rights of children. Legislation is laws which give children rights and enforces their rights. UN CONVENTION ON CHILDREN’S RIGHTS ACT 1989(UK bound 1991) This is the starting point where children under 18 yrs had their own special rights. There are 54 articles. 42 of them are for children and young people and the rest are for how parents and the government work together to make sure children can access their rights. Some of the main points are: * Article 3 Children’s best interest must come first.

* Article 19 Children must be protected from violence, abuse and neglect. * Article 23...
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