When working as a childcare practitioner it is essential that you work within the legal requirements and following the policies and procedures of the setting. There is an Early Years code of practice that should underpin the practitioner practice and these will relate to: * Special needs
* Safeguarding children
* Children’s learning
* Managing behaviour
* Working with parents
* Administering medicine to children
* Data protection
* Health and safety
Tassoni.P(2007)childcare&education 4th ed Heinemann pg 216 A practitioner needs to be able to provide a safe, caring and supportive environment putting the needs of the children first. Working as part of a team with both colleagues and parents to achieve the best outcome for each individual child. The needs for each child must be key to their care ensuring that they are safe from harm. Every child has basic needs that need to be met every day, Children's needs
The basic needs of a child that should be met by a parent or primary carer are simple, but the neglect of any one of these needs can have a profound effect on their development. From birth all children need:
* Emotional simulation.
All children have a right to having these needs met and this is covered in a number of Acts of legislation. As a childcare practitioner you have to work well as part of the team, respecting the other practitioners as well as the parents of the children that are in the setting. The children’s care will be affected if there are issues between staff and this would also be very unprofessional. To be able to provide the best care a practitioner needs to be flexible, well presented, communicate clearly and have a good understanding of the settings policies and procedures and these will cover every aspect of the care of the children within the setting. When a practitioner first joins a setting they will be given a Job description which will list the main duties of the role of a practitioner. (See Appendix 1)
A practitioner will be required to have a good relationship with the parents. This will ensure that there is continuity of care as information is shared but always remembering that confidentiality must be maintained at all times and only to the relevant people. You need to be able to take responsibility for your own personal development; this can be achieved by attending training courses and seeking advice from senior members of staff. At settings a practitioner will have supervision and this will be where a discussion will take place with a senior member of staff and they will go through how the practitioner is working and if they are following the codes of practice within the setting. By doing this any issues can be raised and a solution found and any praise should be shared. The result will be that the children at the setting will have the continued benefit of being cared for in a safe and enjoyable setting. By building a good relationship with the children a practitioner will gain experience over time and through observations, by following routines and treating the children as individuals, learning their likes and dislikes and no matter what their background or ability will give them the care and stimulation for them to develop and reach their full potential.
Families have changed over recent years, in the past most childcare of working class people was done by family, neighbours and friends but lifestyles have changed with modern society and people now seem to lead busy lives and many moving away from their childhood home to other parts of the country or world due to work commitments. (Appendix 2)
Families find themselves in some difficult situations and some of the common factors are: Financial problems: this can be trying to live on a...