Ca Gold Rush

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HISU 372: California History

The California Gold Rush

The California Gold Rush began at Sutter's Mill. On January 24, 1848 James W. Marshall, a foreman working for Sacramento pioneer John Sutter, found shiny metal in a lumber mill. Marshall brought what he found to John Sutter, and the two tested the metal. The tests showed that it was gold. He wanted to keep the news quiet. However, rumors soon started to spread and were confirmed in March 1848 by San Francisco newspaper publisher and merchant Samuel Brannan. With the news of gold, local residents in California were among the first to head for the goldfields. The California Gold Rush influenced economic, and territorial changes in the United States in the mid 1800s. The Gold Rush started at Sutter's Mill, near Coloma. California Gold Rush was during 1848–49 in the Sierra Nevada. No part of California would be the same after the gold rush. Throughout the gold rush, people moving to California from abroad have added to the size of the native population and have greatly impacted the state’s technology, agriculture, geographic and economic structure. The sudden diversity in California gave people both acceptable and unacceptable effects in terms of opportunity, development, racism and human right.

Gold rush happened when migrations of workers and miners started coming into the California in search of the gold. Hence it attracted waves of immigrants (300,000 men, women, and children) from all over the United States and around the world. News was confirmed in March 1848 by San Francisco newspaper publisher and merchant Samuel Brannan. Reports of the discovery soon spread, with the news of gold; many families wanted to try their luck and fortunes at Californian’s rivers and decided to go for the gold, becoming some of California’s first miners. The Gold Rush started at Sutter's Mill, near Coloma. California Gold Rush was during 1848–49 in the Sierra Nevada, which attracted tens of thousands people, especially young men from Latin America, Europe, South Africa and Asia. No part of California would be the same after the gold rush. Throughout the gold rush, people moving to California from abroad have added to the size of the native population and have greatly impacted the state’s technology, agriculture, geographic and economic structure. The sudden diversity in California gave people both acceptable and unacceptable effects in terms of opportunity, development, racism and human right. Personally, I think gold rush would consider a positive event for California in terms of agriculture, economy, growth, technology and railroad. Although the gold in the California hills eventually ran out, but the positive effects of the gold rush era lives on. California was shaped by the adventurers who stayed to form the idea that is California today: a place that accepts and nurtures risk takers. Positive effects of the Gold Rush on California can be categorized into three main groups: Social, economic, and technological effects. A unique social structure grew during gold rush. The social effects occurred at the time people started speeding up the exploration and colonization of the American west.

The California Gold Rush caused economic changes. Many people became very wealthy. Merchants made far more money than miners during the Gold Rush. The wealthiest man in California during the early years of the Gold Rush was Samuel Brannan, shopkeeper and newspaper publisher. Brannan opened the first supply stores in Sacramento, Coloma, and other spots in the gold fields. Just as the Gold Rush began, he purchased all the prospecting supplies available in San Francisco and re-sold them at a substantial profit. However, substantial money was made by some gold-seekers as well. For example, within a few months, one small group miners, working on the Feather River in 1848, retrieved a sum of gold worth more than $3 million by 2004 prices. There were also no taxes...
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