Embry Riddle Aeronautical University
MGMT. 408 Research Paper
December 15, 2012
There are over 3,400 airports listed in the FAA’s National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. (NPIAS) Although many of these airports are smaller, general aviation airfields, it is the larger, primary commercial hubs that play an even more significant role in the industry. These airports ensure the safe and efficient means of domestic and international passenger travel, global trade and the shipment of goods and provide vital resources to their respective state and local economies. The management and operational aspects of these large facilities is equated to that of running a small city. Baltimore Washington, Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI) is one of those large facilities, pushing upward of twenty-two million annual enplanements. The vital management and operational issues associated with BWI include; airside and landside operations, the Airport Layout Plan (ALP), FAR Part 139 compliance, operational security, and programmed resource planning and budgeting. Management also encompasses the equally significant roles the airport plays within the economic and socio-political realms of the community and state. It is these relations that ensure the sustainability of the airport within the community and its ability succeed in the industry.
Baltimore International, Thurgood Marshall Airport
Baltimore Washington, Thurgood Marshall Airport located in Glen Burnie, Maryland is second largest of three international airports designed to accommodate general aviation, cargo and passenger travel in the region. Accounting for over one-third of the total enplanements in the region, BWI is also the busiest. The airport was constructed on a 3,200 acre site in Anne Arundel County and originally commissioned in 1950 as Friendship International airport by then President Harry Truman. The airport was the first in the region able to accommodate the Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8 aircraft, and by 1957 the airport was managing fifty-two departures weekly provided by service from eight separate carriers. In 1972 the state of Maryland’s Department of Transportation bought the airport for $36 million dollars and turned the operation and management of the airport over to the Maryland Aviation Administration (MAA). Since that time the airport has grown steadily in total enplanements and become the most favored airport among passengers travelling into and out of the D.C. Metropolitan airports. BWI has been on Airports Council International’s (ACI) Top 50 list of domestic airports for the last six years and twice named as the fastest growing airport in the country for its size. (ACI-NA 2012) BWI Airside
BWI is located within the Baltimore–Washington Class B Airspace. The airspace encompasses BWI, DCA, Regan National and IAD, Dulles airports. Additionally, the Special Flight Rules Area, (SFRA) which lies within a 30nm arc of the Washington-Reagan airport, also includes BWI. Flights within this area are subject to compliance with the special security and operational rules put into effect after the attacks of September 11th. BWI is listed in the NPIAS as a Primary, large hub airport. According to the Airport Master Record, effective October 12, 2012; the airport is served by eight, precision ILS approaches, two of which are Cat II/III capable. There are also eighteen non-precision GPS/RNAV approaches to the airport. The BWI airport diagram (figure 1), illustrates the runway and taxiways, de-icing pads and 2 large cargo aprons. The airport’s longest runway is 10/28 at 10,502 feet and it is the primary, prevailing wind runway for all commercial airline and cargo traffic. Two parallel runways, 15/33L and 15/33R are bisected by the terminal area. The General Aviation (GA) side of the airport caters to Part 135, on-demand and flight school operations, and provides maintenance,...