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By | September 2013
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cardiovascular
Your cardiovascular system is a network made up of blood vessels and your heart, which is responsible for pumping blood and oxygen around your body. It also transports carbon dioxide, a waste product, from your body to your lungs – breathing out removes carbon dioxide from your body. How does your cardiovascular system work?

When you breathe in air through your mouth and nose it travels to your lungs. Oxygen from the air is absorbed into your bloodstream through your lungs. Your heart then pumps oxygen-rich (oxygenated) blood through a network of blood vessels (arteries) to tissues including your organs, muscles and nerves, all around your body.

When blood reaches the capillaries in your tissues it releases oxygen, which cells use to function. Cells release waste products, such as carbon dioxide and water, which your blood absorbs and carries away. The used (deoxygenated) blood then travels through your veins and back towards your heart. Your heart pumps the deoxygenated blood back to your lungs, where it absorbs fresh oxygen, releases the carbon dioxide and the cycle starts again. Your lifestyle plays an essential part in maintaining your long-term cardiovascular health. Eating a healthy diet, getting plenty of exercise and not smoking can all help you to maintain a healthy cardiovascular system.

Respiratory

The primary function of the respiratory system is to supply the blood with oxygen in order for the blood to deliver oxygen to all parts of the body. The respiratory system does this through breathing. When we breathe, we inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. This exchange of gases is the respiratory system's means of getting oxygen to the blood. Respiration is achieved through the mouth, nose, trachea, lungs, and diaphragm. Oxygen enters the respiratory system through the mouth and the nose. The oxygen then passes through the larynx (where speech sounds are produced) and the trachea which is a tube that enters the chest cavity....
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