Origin of the Butterfly Effect
In 1961, a meteorologist, Edward Lorenz who was using a computer model to rerun a weather prediction. However, one of the numbers he used was shortened from 6 decimal points to 3 decimal points. Lorenz began to realize that the weather pattern did not always change as predicted and concluded that slight variations in the original values of variables would result in immense changing weather patterns. Definition of The butterfly effect
With reference to chaos theory, the butterfly effect is the sensitive dependence on initial conditions, where a small change at one place in a deterministic nonlinear system can result in large differences to a later state. Internet—Application of The butterfly effect
Taking internet as an example, from 1960s, government of the United States built and distributed computer networks, then after those little human participation on the internet developing over the 1980s to 1990s, until nowadays approximately over a third of the world's human population have used the services of the Internet. Thus, internet has a large and long-term variation in the world from many tiny events, which fit in with the meaning of the butterfly effect. Big impacts of the internet—P.E.S.T.
The four big impacts from the internet include aspects of political, economic, socio-cultural and technology respectively. 1. Political aspect
For some political reasons, there is internet censorship in china, like the great firewall, which has prevented Google searches of the English word “freedom” and put bans on Facebook, YouTube and Twitter. Also, foreign content providers like Yahoo!, Microsoft and Skype must follow the Chinese laws. Sometimes, there are political battles on the internet. In 2010, Google announced that it would cease operations in China unless its search engine results were no longer filtered. Another political battle through the internet was “the Arab Spring” for against the Internet censorship. From those political events, the internet becomes to a political tool and mediator, but not simply be the virtually connecting network as its origin. 2. Economic aspect
When Internet is utilized for commercial ends, it changes from old economy relationship to new economy relationships (Figure 1), like E-commerce, a wide range of online business activities for products and services. According to a research firm International Data Corp estimated that, the size of total worldwide e-commerce will equate to $16 trillion in 2013. There was a report shown that during the years 1995 to 2000, the relationship between the internet host density and GDP per capita in 145 countries was positive related (Figure 2). In 2011, McKinsey reported that Internet use had created GDP growth of 3.4 percent in 13 surveyed countries which accounted for over 70 percent of the global GDP and had created 1.2 million new jobs. 3. Socio-cultural aspect
The Internet has new forms of social interaction, like MySpace, Facebook, improving human communications and upgrading human’s living standard globally. Moreover, the online news is updated every minutes and seconds which is different from the traditional printed one. In addition, overall Internet usage has seen tremendous growth. By 2012, there were 1076 million of internet users in Asia. To some extent, it may close the digital divide and then decrease the education gap and poverty gap in the world. However, some judges the English-speaking countries dominate the online medium for popularizing U.S. culture at the expense of local cultures. 4. Technological aspect
Social web applies the usage of Web 2.0, which is a fundamental shift in the way people communicate. Web 2.0 refers to the improved form of the World Wide Web and new technologies. As internet is widely used in the world, it is very vulnerable to high degree attacks by hackers. In 2002, an Australian study involving 95 organizations reported that financial losses of almost $6 million...
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