Business Management

Topics: Psychology, Personality psychology, Perception Pages: 4 (1218 words) Published: December 4, 2012
The factors influencing individual at work

The individual behavior at work according to john ivancevich and Michael Mattson are influenced by different factors like personality, perception, attitude, abilities and skills.

Personality usually refers to the characteristics and distinctive traits of an individual, and the way how he responds and adjusts to other people and situations, personality is influenced though by many factors like heredity, family, society, culture and situation. In psychology, personality is the patterns of behavior, thought, and emotion unique to an individual, and the ways they interact to help or hinder the adjustment of a person to other people and situations. A number of theories have attempted to explain human personality. In his psychoanalytic interpretation, Sigmund Freud asserted that the human mind could be divided into three significant components—the id, the ego, and the superego—which work together (or come into conflict) to shape personality. Psychoanalysis, name given by Sigmund Freud to a system of interpretation and therapeutic treatment of psychological disorders. Psychoanalysis emphasizes unconscious motivations and the conflicts between primal urges and learned social mores, stressing the importance of early childhood experiences in determining mature personality. Burrhus Frederic, American psychologist, suggests that an individual's personality is developed through external stimuli. In the behaviorist model, personality can change significantly with a shift to a new environment. Social-learning theorists, notably Albert Bandura, also emphasized environmental influences but pointed out that these work in conjunction with forces such as memory and feelings to determine personality.

Now what are the big 5 factors of personality traits?
The "big five" are broad categories of personality traits. Usually human resources professional use these 5 factor dimension in order to place employee, because...
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