The Constitution of the United States is the oldest Federal constitution in existence and was framed by a convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen original states in Philadelphia in May 1787.
The four basic purposes of the constitution are stated in its preamble are as follows:
1. To ensure justice
2. To ensure domestic tranquility
3. To promote the general welfare
4. To secure the blessings of liberty of people
U.S constitution establishes governmental structure/allocates power, defines political relationships, impose restrictions upon the powers of government and enumerate the rights and liberty of the people.
There are mainly four principles that are basic to the U.S. constitution, which are as follows:
1. Supremacy and preemption of constitution
2. Power of Judicial Review
3. The separation of powers
4. Protection of Civil Rights or Fundamental Rights and Liberties of the people.
Supremacy and preemption of constitution:
This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary not withstanding.
The Supremacy Clause establishes the Constitution, Federal Statutes, and U.S. treaties as "the supreme law of the land." The Constitution is the highest form of law in the American legal system. State judges are required to uphold it, even if state laws or constitutions conflict with it.
While the Supremacy Clause specifically says that "all Treaties made under the... [continues]
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