Business Law

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Danang University of Economics
Sunderland University Program
24 Jan 2013
Danang

24 Jan 2013
Danang

By: Doan Le Khanh Vy (Ivy)
Class: SUD1

By: Doan Le Khanh Vy (Ivy)
Class: SUD1

Business Law
Assignment 2
Law of Tort and Negligence

Business Law
Assignment 2
Law of Tort and Negligence

Memo
To: Padmanaban Badri Narayanan.
From: Doan Le Khanh Vy (Ivy).
Regarding: Report On Common Law.
Date: 9th December 2012.

I am Ivy from class SUD11, Sunderland of University. I write this memo to you in order to aid you comprehend my work easier.

I have spent a great deal of time for this assignment. This is the first time I study law, so there a great number of vocabularies as well as new knowledge that I had not known before. During the time I search for the business law, I understood some certain aspects in the law of tort, negligence, duty of care, breach duty of care and so on; and I have gathered lots of knowledge and essential elements that are indispensable in my future career. Beside, I can analysis problems easier and give some solutions to overcome them. At last, I want to express my gratitude to Mr. Badri because of his guidance. Thanks to him I can complete this assignment easily.

Thank you,

Table of Contents
I.Introduction3
3.1Contrast liability in tort with contractual liability4
3.2The nature of liability in negligence8
3.3How a business can be vicariously liable14
Duties to others16
I.1The elements of the tort of negligence and defences in different business situations20
I.2The elements of vicarious liability in given business situations24
II.Conclusion26
III.Reference27

I. Introduction
I am a legal research assistant in a law firm. In this report, I will discuss about the law of tort such as some types of tort, business and economic torts. Additionally, I understand clearly about the some different types of tort, business and economic torts such as vicarious liability, strict liability, negligence, occupier's liability and health and safety issues through these cases that the client was shown. From thereon, it is easier for me to seek solutions to help him solving the problems he was facing. Now, This report will consider each individual case and give some advice and solutions to help the client solving and overcoming the problems that he was facing.

3.1 Contrast liability in tort with contractual liability UK’s legal system in relations with business environment
The four major sources of UK law are legislation, common law, European Union law and the European Convention on Human Rights (www.cilex.org.uk). A distinction is produced between public law, which manages the relationship between individual citizens and the government, and private law, which manages relationships between individuals and private organisations. For practical purposes, the most noticeable distinction is between civil law and criminal law. Civil law covers such areas as contracts, negligence, family matters, employment, and probate and land law. Criminal law, which is a branch of public law, defines the frontiers of allowable behaviour. A person who infringes the criminal law is regarded as having committed a sin against society as a whole.

The UK is rate as one of the world's best trading powers and financial centres. Its economic power is amongst the top four in Western Europe, with large coal, natural gas and oil reserves and energy production. It is a leading financial services provider, especially in banking services and insurance services (cosmoserve.com.cy).

In UK, there are almost the supportive legal systems in the world that are available for business. In the newest assessment of 183 countries, the World Bank ranked the UK fifth globally for “ease of doing business”, an element which embraced several legal issues. There are ability to enforce contracts, labour flexibility, regulations to start a business, regulations...
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