Business Information Systems

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In general, the term Information System (IS) refers to a system of people, data records and activities that process the data and information in an organisation, and includes the organisation's manual and automated processes. In a narrow sense, the term information system refers to specific application software that is used to store data records in a computer system and automates some of the information-processing activities of the organisation. Computer-based information system are in the field of information technology. An effective information system (IS) is one that minimises data and maximises information. Functional business information systems support the business functions of marketing, production, accounting, finance, and human resource management through a variety business operational and management IS.

a. What is information system?(10 marks)

b. Write the importance of Information System in today's business.(20 marks)

c. Discuss in detail about the Information System that support the business functionally. (any business entity)(70 marks)

Table of Contents

|No. |DETAILS |PAGE # | |1 |INTRODUCTION |1 | |2 |DEFINITION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS |2 | |3 |IMPORTANCE OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS |3 | |4 |INFORMATION SYSTEMS COMMONLY USED IN THE VARIOUS FUNCTIONS OF AN ORGANISATION |7 | |5 |CONCLUSION |16 | |6 |BIBLIOGRAPHY |17 |

1. INTRODUCTION
All businesses have access to an extensive pool of information─whether this is their understanding of customers' needs and the business environment, or the skills and experience of staff.

The way a business gathers, shares, and exploits this information can be central to its ability to be successful. This doesn't just apply to huge multinational companies. Information management can benefit everyone from a local newsagent to a manufacturing firm.

Information technology offers powerful tools to help you gain and make the best use of information. Some of the systems can be complex to set up and time-consuming to maintain. As every organisation has their own specialisation and organisational culture, the organisations need to choose information systems that fit with them.

2. DEFINITION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS (ANSWER TO QUESTION A)

Information systems are systems for transmitting and transforming data into useable information. It is generally a set of interrelated components that collect, process, store, and distribute information to support decision making, coordination, control, analysis, and visualisation in an organisation. From a business perspective, information systems are organisational and management solutions, based on information technology, to a challenge posed by the environment. Information systems are more than just computers; the effective utilisation of information systems requires an understanding of the organisation, management, and the underlying information technology shaping the systems.

In the information age, there has bred interdependence between business organisations and information systems, where one changes the other. The changes in business strategy, rules, and procedures have prompted concurrent changes in the information technology and systems. On the other hand, the advancement in information technology has influenced the way...
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