Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery

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Table of Contents
Introduction2
Key terms2
What is the difference between disaster recovery and business continuity planning?2 The Need for Business Continuity/Disaster Recovery Planning and Management3 The Phases of Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Planning, Implementation, and Management3 Types of Plans3

Typical Contents of a BC/DR Plan4
Benefits and Risks4
Benefits4
Risks5
Conclusion6

Introduction
Every business and organization can experience a serious incident which can prevent it from continuing normal operations. This can happen any day at any time. The potential causes are many and varied: flood, explosion, computer malfunction, accident, grievous act... the list is endless. Business continuity planning and disaster recovery planning are fundamental to the well being of an organization. Clearly, they are intended to ensure continuity in the face of such unforeseen or difficult circumstances. Key terms

Business continuity is the activity performed by an organization to ensure that critical business functions will be available to customers, suppliers, regulators, and other entities that must have access to those functions. These activities include many daily chores such as project management, system backups, change control, and help desk. Business Continuity is not something implemented at the time of a disaster; Business Continuity refers to those activities performed daily to maintain service, consistency, and recoverability. The term Business Continuity describes a mentality or methodology of conducting day-to-day business, whereas Business Continuity Planning is an activity of determining what that methodology should be. Disaster recovery is the process, policies and procedures related to preparing for recovery or continuation of technology infrastructure critical to an organization after a natural or human-induced disaster. Disaster recovery is a subset of business continuity. While business continuity involves planning for keeping all aspects of a business functioning in the midst of disruptive events, disaster recovery focuses on the IT or technology systems that support business functions. What is the difference between disaster recovery and business continuity planning? Disaster recovery is the process by which you resume business after a disruptive event. The event might be something huge - like an earthquake or the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centre - or something small, like malfunctioning software caused by a computer virus. Given the human tendency to look on the bright side, many business executives are prone to ignoring "disaster recovery" because disaster seems an unlikely event. "Business continuity planning" suggests a more comprehensive approach to making sure you can keep making money, not only after a natural calamity but also in the event of smaller disruptions including illness or departure of key staffers, supply chain partner problems or other challenges that businesses face from time to time. Despite these distinctions, the two terms are often married under the acronym BC/DR because of their many common considerations. The Need for Business Continuity/Disaster Recovery Planning and Management In the aftermath of recent natural disasters, terrorism, and equipment breakdown, businesses have recognized more than ever the need for an organization to be prepared. Companies are striving to meet the demand for continuous service. With the growth of e-commerce and other factors driving system availability expectations toward 24x365, the average organization’s requirement for recovery time from a major system outage now ranges between two and 24 hours. This requirement is pushed by the expectations an organization faces on all sides: •Customers expect supplies and services to continue - or resume rapidly - in all situations. •Shareholders expect management control to remain operational through any crisis. •Employees expect both their lives and...
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