How much we get paid compared to others is clearly of importance to us. It says something about our social position, our value in the social hierarchy. (p89) because it says something about our ‘value’ in the social hierarchy. Getting paid is central to our idea of work and a hobby because one of them is paid and the other is not, even though they can take the same amount of physical and mental effort. People who do something for free, for purely idealistic reasons, tend to become less satisfied if they start getting paid. One would expect the opposite. After all, if you continue to do something you like, but also get paid to do it, you presumably have a good deal. The problem is that it changes one’s relation to the activity itself. It transforms an inherently meaningful activity into a poorly paid job. Even though getting paid is a central feature of our notion of work, one can hardly regard it as a necessary criterion of work, simply because there is clearly such a thing as unpaid work. It would be strange to claim that slaves do not work. (p90) In the historical age, wage labour simply seemed to be more efficient. Work and wages is contingent relationship, because work is much older phenomenon than money. What we immediately can recognize as work existed for thousands of years before money was invented. Agriculture is work. The workers should be pain in accordance with their contribution to society whereas others argue that people should be paid in accordance with their needs. More precisely, he argued that in the initial stages of communist society one would have to accept the first version, but the goal was to end up with the second.
Work is central to human existence, providing the necessities for life, sources of identity, opportunities for achievement, and determining standing within the larger community.