Unit one: Principles of personal responsibilities and working in a business environment
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Please note that this Assessment document has 8 pages and is made up of 7 Sections.
Name: Sophie Griffith-Allen
Section 1 – Know the employment rights and responsibilities of the employee and employer
1. Identify four main points that would be included in a contract of employment. If possible, use an example contract to support your answer (feel free to obscure any confidential information).
In a contract of employment there are certain details which need to be included about the employer and employee, such as their names. Other information that must be included are about the job itself, such as job title, date of employment, duties and responsibilities that are expected from the employee.
At Morrisons a probationary period of 13 weeks is included in a contract of employment and the employees contracted hours of work per week.
2a) List three key points of legislation that affect employers in a business environment.
Health and safety Act 1974
Copyright designs and patents Act 1988- Copyright refers to laws that control the use of the work of a creator, such as an artist or author. For a copyright to apply to a piece of work it must be an original idea of their own that is put to use. Data protection Act 1998
2b) List three key points of legislation that affect employees in a business environment.
• Pensions- Are very important for employees as the government think that people aren’t saving enough money towards pensions, as of 2012 pensions will undergo a considerable amount of change. • Pay-there is lots of legislation about employee pay. Some examples include: The Equality Act 2010 which contains measures to protect women from being paid less than men for doing the same job. • The National Minimum Wage Act 1998 an Act that was introduced to prevent very low pay.
• Employment rights and responsibilities- ‘Employees are expected to carry out their work in a way that has regard to the safety of others. Employers are expected to abide by a range of requirements governing such aspects as providing safe machinery and equipment, carrying out regular health and safety checks, ensuring the training of employees in health and safety issues, and carrying out a risk assessment to assess the dangers of particular work activities.’
3. Identify a range of places where a person can find information on employment rights and responsibilities. You should identify at least two internal and two external sources of information.
Sources of information where a person can find information on employment rights and responsibilities are internal sources, such as books and documents held within the organisation, informed colleagues and line managers.
Another source of information is external which are found outside of an organisation, such as libraries, the government, equality and human rights commission.
4. Describe how representative bodies can support employees.
Representative bodies are one of the ways that employees can receive help and support in the work place. The best known examples of representative bodies are trade unions, which are a large organisation that represent the interests of their membership, they can offer...
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