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The Impact of Technology in Education|
A Synthesis Paper on Technology in Education|
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Lora Evanouski|
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Educational Technology 501
Professor Pollard
May 6, 2009

Abstract

As we consider technology in education, we must consider the implications of that technology on the learner and as well as the teacher. What role does technology have for these two intertwined groups of people? I will show a correlation between the positive effects on both the student and teacher related to academic performance, meaningful learning, and those afflicted with learning disabilities. Furthermore, I will also show the positive effects on the applications of technologies in the classroom. Combining education and technology creates a more stimulating learning environment. In order to accomplish higher order thinking skills such as critical and independent thinking, the application of technology and improved motivation and attitudes, technology must be integrated into the everyday curriculum. This paper describes some impacts of technology on education through the experiences of teachers and students.

Introduction

Technological advances in education have been many over the last 50 years. As we look back just 20 years ago, computers were not common place inside the classroom let alone in the household. Imagine what students thought about using a word processor versus electric typewriter word processors or even using the archaic manual typewriter. In contrast, today’s students and children are considered “digital natives”. According to Wikipedia, digital natives are described as having grown up with digital technology such as the internet, computers, cell phones and MP3 players. Having a computer in every household as well as every school has exponentially increased student’s awareness of technology and also broadened their horizons about the global economy. Students today use cell phones that can do almost anything imaginable such as getting real time updates on their bank accounts, download information off the internet, watch TV or even make a movie! Imagine going through our everyday life without the aid of a computer, it could be exhilarating and yet also cumbersome to juggle daily duties. Today technology reaches well beyond the classroom to serve the needs of learners with disabilities, rural inaccessibility or being home schooled have more options open to them to learn and investigate. Through internet connection students and teachers have a portal and connection to every part of the world. Computers can open pathways that stimulate learning and help develop high order thinking skills, when technology is applied in a meaningful manner. Histories of technological developments have often shown links between innovations in industry and communications with improvements in educational methods. The proliferation and success of web based curriculum at all levels of education is just the latest example of the importance of technology to both students and teachers. The greater the reach of educational programs to a growing population of students via the internet continues to challenge educators, not only by adapting the latest technological enhancements in the traditional classroom to “distance learners”, but also to discover additional ways for improving those students’ educational experience overall. The computers unique ability to offer lessons in multimedia formats, and to provide a means for real time student/teacher dialogue and exchange already enriches online instruction, but may only be the tip of the iceberg that emerging technologies will bring to the delivery of quality education in the new century. Positive Effects on Academic Performance

Academic performance is one of the traditional standards used to measure success or lack of success in our schools. Since the passage of No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 all schools are required to close the achievement gap and make sure all students,...
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