Dr. Ron Fitzgerald
George W. Bush and US Foreign policy
An Analysis of the Foreign Policy Actions under President George W. Bush L. Randolph Carter
January 22, 2012
The United States of America exists in a world with over 150 other nation states. In order to ensure that the country’s interaction with these other nations fall in line with the needs of the people and the security and national interest of the United States, presidential administrations are expected to lay out a clear pathway of inter-nation diplomacy. This pathway of the country’s engagement with its neighbors far and near constitutes the foreign policy of the United States. Again, the ultimate goals of these foreign policies include pursuing the country’s national interest as well as being a good citizen state of our shared world. This paper will examine the foreign policy agenda of United States President George W. Bush. This paper will be developed as a collage of research around the historical backdrop of foreign policy actions, the environmental and social predicators of Bush’s foreign agenda, the effectiveness and the shortfalls of the policy and its effects of on the current US engagement with other nations.
George W. Bush and US Foreign Policy
The foreign policy of the United States comprise of a complex web of statutes, actions, and rules that dictate how, when, where, or why the United States engages a particular nation, coalition of nations, or internationally recognized organization (as in the case of the United Nations). Fully understanding the United States foreign policy would mean fully understanding national predicators (i.e. domestic, economy, military spending etc.) as well as international predicators (foreign aid, world stability, etc.). Historically, the US’ foreign policy can be placed in two distinct periods. The first period primary consisted of non-interventionism, where the country shied away from participating in resolvable inters/intrastate disputes. The second period commenced at the time of War World I and currently exists in the 21st century. This second period saw the power of the United States rise greatly and its influence on all things global was unmistakable (Synder, 1991). The end of the “Cold War” in 1990 solidified the country’s status as “the super power”, a title which has positively as well as adversely affected foreign policy. President Bush interacted with this “super power” designation and constructed foreign policies which sought to perpetuate America dominance. Historical Analysis
In order to fully perform a thorough analysis of the Bush’s policy, there is a need to put it alongside a policy of a current or former president. By doing this, key elements such as policy trends and desertions can be amplified.
George H.W. Bush
After being elected in the fall of 1988, George H.W. Bush’s most pressing foreign issue centered on Russia’s toggle at the United States “super power” designation through a number of bold actions around nuclear proliferation. Bush, who was known to be a very cautious politician, was expected to cautiously decide America’s course of action to remain in tandem with Reagan’s foreign policy moves. Key targets here would be to quell Gorbachev’s rising nuclear arsenals and prominence on the world stage, as well as solidify U.S. partnership with particular countries (a calculated step targeted to get more international buy-in for the US anti-nuclear proliferation activities). Suspicion- laden communication between Moscow and Washington meant that H. Bush would have to ensure that intelligence gathering would be a priority (Nathanson, 1988). Politically, H. Bush’s eight years as vice president made him fully knowledgeable of ways in which America dealt and interacted with Russia (publically as well as behind closed doors). While this knowledge was considered as asset at the time, the drastic events that occurred between 1988 and 1991 made...