inner life world and subjective experiences of the people we serve” (Watson, 1997). In all, the carative factors are comprised of 10 elements:
1.Humanistic-altruistic system of value.
3.Sensitivity to self and others.
4.Helping-trusting, human care relationship.
5.Expressing positive and negative feelings.
6.Creative problem-solving caring process.
8.Supportive, protective, and/or corrective mental, physical, societal, and spiritual environment. 9.Human needs assistance.
10.Existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces. (Parker, 2006) As she continued to evolve her theory, Watson introduced the concept of clinical caritas processes, which have now replaced her carative factors. The reader will be able to observe a greater spiritual dimension in these new processes. Watson (2001) explained that the word “caritas” originates from the Greek vocabulary, meaning to cherish and to give special loving attention. The following are Watson’s (2001) translation of the carative factors into clinical caritas processes: •Practice of loving kindness and equanimity within context of caring consciousness.
•Being authentically present, and enabling and sustaining the deep belief system and subjective life world of self and the one-being-cared-for. •Cultivation of one’s own spiritual practices and transpersonal self, going beyond ego self, opening to others with sensitivity and compassion. •Developing and sustaining a helping-trusting, authentic caring relationship.
•Being present to, and supportive of, the expression of positive and negative feelings as a connection with deeper spirit of self and the one-being-cared-for. •Creative use of self and all ways of knowing as part of the caring process; to engage in artistry of caring-healing practices. •Engaging in genuine teaching-learning experience that attends to unity of being and meaning, attempting to stay within others’ frames of reference. •Creating healing environment at all levels (physical as well as non-physical), subtle environment of energy and consciousness, whereby wholeness, beauty,...