The main purpose of this paper is to comment on the concept of bureaucracy and professionalism. This paper firstly introduces the advantages of bureaucracy and explains why bureaucracy is generally applied in government and large organizations. Next, the paper will highlight the concept of professionalism and describes its advantages. Following this, I will express my views to point out how a mix model of bureaucracy and professionalism is far better than either bureaucracy or professionalism. Last but not the least, I would like to draw up a conclusion to further elaborate why the mix model of bureaucracy is widely adopted and how such mix model significantly contributes to the successful governance.
2.0 Advantage of Bureaucracy
The definition of bureaucracy is explained in Appendix A for reference. Using bureaucracy can make administrative region a clean, faithful, quality society. For instance, Germany has been setting a good example in playing a good role of leader in managing the civil service.
Bureaucracy can make administration more effective and efficient. Ever since the sudden resignation of the former Chief Executive – Mr. TUNG Chee-Hwa in March 2005, the Central Government is determined to find a way to interpret the Basic Law and to appoint the next Chief Executive who is widely guessed to be the incumbent Chief Secretary for Administration – Mr. Donald Tsang to serve only the remainder of Tung's current term, until 2007. Any resignation of the CE will not affect a bit the existing strong bureaucratic system.
Hong Kong government is well versed in deploying officers at all levels who have been selected and trained to take up specific jobs. Persons chosen and appointed to fill the top positions in bureaucratic organizations are often subject to postings in different bureau and departments in order that those officers can widen the horizon of practical working experience in coping with various kinds of administration and operational problems. Their successors are also subject to this different posting system. To illustrate, Mr. Donald Tsang, the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong, has been posted to different posts before. Mr. Donald Tsang joined the Civil Service in January 1967 as Executive Officer. Before becoming the Chief Secretary for Administration, Mr. Tsang was the Financial Secretary in the HKSARG in 1997. He was appointed to take up the Chief Secretary for Administration of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government (HKSARG) on 1 May 2001.
2.1 Disadvantage of Bureaucracy
Disadvantages of Bureaucracy include too many red tape procedures and limitations as well as different spectrum of hierarchies. The organization just moves forward according to the complicated procedures and rules. Every staff working in such bureaucratic organizations will easily hamper their creativity and innovative ability. Also, the organization is slow and inefficient in making quick response to environmental changes.
Furthermore, there are more disadvantages of bureaucracy, such as more unnecessary paperwork, more routine procedures, task- oriented and impersonal officials working to a fixed routine. As a result, many politicians recommend via professionalism model to improve bureaucratic administration.
3.1 Advantages of Professionalism
The definition of professionalism is explained in Appendix B for reference. Professional skills of officers may encourage civil service to cultivate professional skills through direct work experience. They will give profession idea to their clients.
Dr Yeoh Eng-kiong (Ex-Secretary for Health, Welfare and Food) Dr Yeoh Eng-kiong, who is a professional medical practitioner. Dr Yeoh has played a key role in raising the standard of medical services in Hong Kong over the past 33 years. But, wearing the hat of the minister responsible for the government's overall response to SARS as the result he resigned in July 2004. This...