Bureaucracy

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Bureaucracy is derived from the word bureau, The original French meaning of the word "bureau" was the baize used to cover desks. The term bureaucracy came into use shortly before the French Revolution of 1789 and from there rapidly spread to other countries. The Greek suffix -kratia or kratos - means "power" or rule. Bureaucracy thus basically means office power or office rule, the rule of the officialdom.

Bureaucracy therefore, is a concept in sociology and political science. It refers to the way that the administrative execution and enforcement of legal rules is socially organized. Examples of everyday bureaucracies include governments, armed forces, corporations, hospitals, courts, ministries, or schools.

Jike (2004) saw bureaucracy as symbolizes an organizational nomenclature that possesses in-built characteristics
On the other hand, Industrial Relations employer-employee relationship. In particular, industrial relations specialists examine the causes of various kinds of employment problems and maladjustments and seek to discover and implement new ideas, institutions, policies, and practices that can resolve or ameliorate these problems. Industrial relations is thus a field of both study and practice, involving economic, political, legal, social, and psychological aspects of employment.

Historically, Industrial Relations specialists have emphasized applied problem-solving and concern for employee rights and interests.
The influence of Bureaucracy can either be positive or negative however, Bureaucracy has been found to influence industrial relations in Nigeria in the following ways 1. A formal hierarchical structure: this ensures each level controls the level below and is controlled by the level above. A formal hierarchy is the basis of central planning and centralized decision making. 2. Management by rules: Controlling by rules allows decisions made at high levels to be executed consistently by all lower levels. 3. Organization by functional...
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