Almost 30% of youth in the United States (or over 5.7 million) are estimated to be involved in bullying as either a bully, a target of bullying, or both. In a recent national survey of students in grades 6-10, 13% reported bullying others, 11% reported being the target of bullies, and another 6% said that they bullied others and were bullied themselves. In colloquial speech, bullying is most often used to describe a form of harassment associated with being performed by a child who is older, stronger, or otherwise more powerful socially, upon weaker peers. Bullying can occur in situations including in school or college/university, the workplace, by neighbors, and between countries. Whatever the situation the power structure is typically evident between the bully and victim. It seems to those outside the relationship that the bully's power depends only upon the perception of the victim, with the victim being too intimidated to put up effective resistance. However the victim usually has just cause to be afraid of the bully due to the threat and actually carrying out of physical/sexual violence, or loss of livelihood. Bullying is behind most claims of discrimination in the workplace. (Safeyouth)
Bullying can be termed as to treat abusively, to affect by means of force or coercion, and also to use browbeating language or behavior. (Merriam) There can be up to as many as four different types of bullies. Sadistic, narcissistic bully, Imitative bully, Impulsive bully, and Accidental bully. Sadistic bully lacks empathy for others. Has low degree of anxiety about consequences. Narcissistic need to feel omnipotent and may appear to have a high self esteem but it is actually a brittle narcissism. Imitative bully may have low self esteem or be depressed, can be influenced by the surrounding social climate. May use whining or tattling or be manipulative. Often responds well to a change in the culture of the classroom or social setting. If depressed may need other intervention. Impulsive bully is less likely to be part of a gang. He or she’s bullying is more spontaneous and may appear more random. They have difficulty restraining themselves from the behavior even when authorities are likely to impose consequences, and may have AD/HD. They may respond to medications and behavioral treatment and social skills training. He or she is actually also likely to be bullied. Accidental bully, being last, this individual may or may not be included if bullying is a deliberate act. The behavior may be offensive because the individual does not realize that their actions are upsetting the victim. If someone patiently and compassionately explains the situation, the individual will change the behavior. Sometimes social skills need to be taught. (ncpamd)
Most bullying can be seen in schools around the world and in all grades. Bullying takes on different forms in male and female youth. While both male and female youth say that others bully them by making fun of the way they look or talk, males are more likely to report being hit, slapped, or pushed. Female youth are more likely than males to report being the targets of rumors and sexual comments. While male youth target both boys and girls, female youth most often bully other girls, using more subtle and indirect forms of aggression than boys. For example, instead of physically harming others, they are more likely to spread gossip or encourage others to reject or exclude another girl. (Safeyouth) As children get older they get into more and more technology such as cell phone, computer, email, and instant messaging. Cyberbullying occurs in that electronic space. It "involves the use of information and communication technologies such through these different types of communications. Web sites, blogs, and defamatory online personal polling Web sites, to support deliberate, repeated, and hostile behavior by an individual or group, that is intended to...
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