Bullying has existed as long as humans have and it’s just a fact of life that we have to live with. there is no getting rid of bullying because there is no way to completely stop it. Therefore, we need to at least try and minimize the problem as much as we can. When the term bully is spoken we often think of little kids getting their lunch money taken away from them by a much bigger peer or getting teased because of an abnormality or social statues. But bullying goes much more into depth than that. To put in a bigger perspective I am going to give an example of a type of bullying that most people over look. Countries like U.S bully other countries because of the simple fact that it has more power than the others so they can do what they want.
Youth health issues: BullyingWhat is bullying ?
‘Bullying among children can be considered as a form of abuse’ (Dawkins, 1995). It has beenput forward that bullying is a division of aggressive behaviour and has been further characterized as repetitive and ‘an inability on behalf of the victim to defend him or herself’(Farrington ,1993, cited it Sapouna, 2008). We learn from Sapouna (2008) that bullying cantake the form of ‘verbal (name calling), physical (hitting, kicking) or relational (deliberateexclusion from a group, spreading of malicious rumours).’ In defining bullying Pikes (1989, citedin Hoover, Oliver & Hazler,1992) introduces the idea of ‘mobbing’ . This refers to ‘situationswhere victims are chronically abused by several peers’ (Pikes,1989, cited in Hoover et al.,1992).Therefore, bullying and mobbing can be thought of a constraint of aggression and violence(Olweus, 1978, cited in Hoover et al.,1992). After extensive research in Scandinavia, Olweus(1993, cited in Kumpulainen et al.,1998) proposed that bullying can be carried out by one or more adolescents and usually occurs on repeated occasions, and to some extent, it occurs inall schools.Recently bullying amongst young people has gain notoriety in the press due to the extremeresults it has had on certain young individuals. An example of this is Sian Yates, a 13 year oldgirl who committed suicide after repeated bullying (Daily Mail, 2007). Despite the press attentiongiven to these cases, the extreme consequence of suicide does not occur in the majority of cases. Victims can suffer from a range of harmful effects such as humiliation (Crozier andSkliopidou, 2002), anxiety, depression (Bond et al., 2001, cited in Black and Jackson, 2007),difficulty with interpersonal relationships (Kumpulainen et al., 1998) and emotional instability(Janson and Hazler, 2004, cited in Black and Jackson, 2007). This lead to the finding of Kumpulainen et al., (1998 ) that ‘bullying is a common phenomenon among children who arepsychologically disturbed.’ The writer went on to say that there are ‘higher rates of psychological distress among both bullies and victims’ than those not involve. However, theliterature is consistent in noting that the ‘bullied victims are the most troubled of the bully, victim,bully –victim triad’ (Juvonen et al., 2003; Ma, 2001; Pellegrini, 2002; Pellegrini et al., 1999;Salmivalli & Nieminen, 2002, cited in Cunningham, 2007). Should this leads agencies to focusmore on the protecting the victim ? Some schools have decided that the way forward is to havezero tolerance policies. This may include exclude all student who bully. However, if certainresearcher’s numbers are correct it could mean excluding from school, forty percent of theschool aged population. Given the widespread nature of the problem can zero tolerance reallymean, “zero tolerance”? 1
We learn from the NHS ‘website teens for health’ (2008) that ‘anyone can be singled out bybullies.’ The NSPCC found that 31 per cent of children had been bullied at some point (Teensfor health, 2008). This being the case, can anyone be bullied. Black and Jackson (2007) haveput forward that there lies and ‘an imbalance of power’ between the parties involved in...
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