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Bullying is detrimental to students’ well-being and development. Bullying is the use of force or coercion to abuse or intimidate others. The behavior can be habitual and involve an imbalance of social or physical power. It can include verbal harassment or threat, physical assault or coercion and may be directed repeatedly towards particular victims, perhaps on grounds of race, religion, gender, sexuality, or ability. If bullying is done by a group, it is called mobbing. The victim of bullying is sometimes referred to as a "target". Bullying can be defined in many different ways. The UK currently has no legal definition of bullying, while some U.S. states have laws against it.Bullying consists of three basic types of abuse – emotional, verbal, and physical. It typically involves subtle methods of coercion such as intimidation. Bullying ranges from simple one-on-one bullying to more complex bullying in which the bully may have one or more "lieutenants" who may seem to be willing to assist the primary bully in his or her bullying activities. Bullying in school and the workplace is also referred to as peer abuse. Robert W. Fuller has analyzed bullying in the context of rankism. Bullying can occur in any context in which human beings interact with each other. This includes school, church, family, the workplace, home, and neighborhoods.
Happy slapping in theInstituto Regional Federico Errázuriz, Santa Cruz, Chile Contents [hide] * 1 Definitions and etymology * 1.1 Definitions * 1.2 Etymology * 2 History * 2.1 Anti-bullying movement * 3 Characteristics * 3.1 Of bullying in general * 3.2 Of bullies and bully accomplices * 3.3 Of typical bystanders * 3.4 Of targets * 3.4.1 Effects of bullying on those who are targeted * 22.214.171.124 Suicide * 126.96.36.199 Violence * 188.8.131.52 Positive development * 4 Intervention * 4.1 US Federal intervention * 5 Chronic bullying cycle * 6 Bullying in different contexts * 6.1 Cyberbullying * 6.2 Disability bullying * 6.3 Gay bullying * 6.4 Legal bullying * 6.5 Military bullying * 6.6 Prison bullying * 6.7 School bullying * 6.8 Sexual bullying * 6.9 Workplace bullying * 6.9.1 In academia * 6.9.2 In blue collar jobs * 6.9.3 In information technology * 6.9.4 In medicine * 6.9.5 In nursing * 6.9.6 In teaching * 6.10 In other areas * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links
Definitions and etymology
Bullying may be defined as the activity of repeated, aggressive behavior intended to hurt another person, physically or mentally. Bullying is characterized by an individual behaving in a certain way to gain power over another person. Norwegian researcher Dan Olweus says bullying occurs when a person is: 'exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons'. He says negative actions occur 'when a person intentionally inflicts injury or discomfort upon another person, through physical contact, through words or in other ways.' Etymology
The word "bully" was first used in the 1530s meaning "sweetheart", applied to either sex, from the Dutch boel "lover, brother", probably diminutive of Middle High German buole "brother", of uncertain origin (compare with the German buhle "lover"). The meaning deteriorated through the 17th century through "fine fellow", "blusterer", to "harasser of the weak". This may have been as a connecting sense between "lover" and "ruffian" as in "protector of a prostitute", which was one sense of "bully" (though not specifically attested until 1706). The verb "to...
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