When Buddhism and Jainism were developing, no rivalry seemed to have existed between them because both religions believed in a similar philosophy of life. However, they differed on some views such as salvation and soul and this led to their separate ways.
Similarities Between Buddhism And Jainism
•Buddhism : The original Buddhist doctrine does not have any godly figures, though the later Buddhist sects introduced some Godly figures. The Buddhists believe that these Godlike figures or Bodhisattvas are interested in the welfare of the world and work for its liberation.
•Jainism : Jainism also denies the existence of God, though they recognise the presence of the Jinas or Kevalins, who are higher than human beings in status. However, unlike the Bodhisattvas, the Kevalins are indifferent to the welfare of the world and remain unaffected.
•Buddhism : In Buddhism, nirvana is freedom from the cycle of rebirth, when a being turns into a state of non-being, or Sunya, loses its identity and becomes nothing.
•Jainism : In Jainism, nirvana is a state of moksha, where a being loses its identity and is free from the cycle of birth and death.
•Buddhism : The path of liberation in Buddhism goes through good conduct and good deeds, as mentioned in Eightfold path, Four Noble Truths, Five Preceptions and other moral conducts.
•Jainism : Similarly, the path of liberation in Jainism is to follow right perception, right knowledge, and right conduct. One has to overcome the worldly desires and feelings to attain liberation or to become a perfect soul.
On Yogic Practices
•Buddhism : Buddhism emphasises the practice of meditation and other forms of Yoga to concentrate on inner self.
•Jainism : In Jainism as well, meditation and other yogic practices are essential for self purification and liberation.
•Buddhism : Buddhism is a peaceful religion with non-violence at the...