ADN to BSN: Factors and their Degree of Contribution to ADN
Students’ Decision to Pursue a BSN
Group 25: Bricecine McNair, Chelsi Channell, Hongan Nguyen, Jacob Brush, Nisha Brice, Ryan Clark
Methodological Section/Research Design
The purpose of this study is to examine how personal perceptions are associated with an ADN student’s willingness to obtain a BSN. A two-year longitudinal pre-test and post-test design will be utilized (Leedy & Ormrod., 2012). The pre-test will survey first semester ADN students and the post-test will survey the same group in the last semester of the program. A one-way ANOVA will be used to assess the mean difference between the pre-test and post-test data (Shuttleworth, 2009). This study also intends to examine how demographical factors such as age, gender, and current employment affect the students’ willingness to get a BSN. The sample consists of 95 Valencia Community College (VCC) students in the 2-year nursing degree program. This sample size is based Jacob Cohen’s requirement for statistical power analysis of a one-way ANOVA test (Cohen, 1992). In order to reduce the possibility of errors, a medium effect size is selected with an a level of .01 at a power of .80. With a small a value, there is a decreased risk of a Type I error where the null hypothesis is falsely rejected. A power of .80 decreases the probability of a Type II error so that there is an 80% chance of rejecting a false null hypothesis. With these conditions, a sample size of 95 individuals is recommended for a one-way ANOVA (Cohen, 1992). VCC admits 120 students to their nursing program each Fall and Spring term so the sample size is obtainable (Valenica College, 2012). By utilizing VCC nursing students in a convenience sampling, the surveys can be administered and collected in person (Leedy & Ormrod, 2012). This insures a higher response rate. A small monetary incentive of $1 per participant is offered to increase response rate as well.
The primary independent variable is the semester in the program of the ADN student. The pre-test will survey these students in their first semester of the program and the post-test will survey the same group in their last semester before graduation. The dependent variable is the student’s willingness to obtain a BSN. Their willingness is defined as whether or not they plan on getting a BSN. Their perception of an ADN versus a BSN is also assessed to see how their willingness is influenced. Control variables include the student’s age, gender, academic standing, financial debt, and employment status. Since the students are attending the same college and program, control variables for VCC include professors and program curriculum.
In a previous study by Rhonda Maneval and Marilyn Teeter, associate degree and diploma nursing students were surveyed to gather their opinions of proposed educational advancement legislation for nurses (Maneval & Teeter, 2010). Their primary independent variable were the nursing students that took the survey, whereas this study’s independent variable is the semester of the program the student is in. Both studies’ dependent variable is defined as the student’s willingness to get a BSN, however, the Maneval and Teeter study only analyzed the dependent variable under a dichotomous scale; whether or not the student planned on getting a BSN. This study will examine the dependent variable based on a rating scale in addition to a dichotomous scale. There is more control factors in this study due it being conducted at VCC rather than mass distributed to various nursing programs in the state of Pennsylvania (Maneval & Teeter, 2010). The control variables for the students are also assessed in this study, while it was not in the previous. A two-year longitudinal pre-test and post-test design was chosen for this study in order to assess how an ADN student’s perception of a BSN may change based on their semesters in the program (Shuttleworth,...
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