Topics: Martin Van Buren, Henry Clay, William Henry Harrison Pages: 3 (966 words) Published: December 2, 2012
Henry Clay and the American System
·Lawyer and Politician who represented Kentucky separately in both the Senate and in the House of Representatives. ·Clay was a dominant figure in both the First and Second Party systems, aside from being a war hawk. ·The American System was was an economic plan that played a prominent role in American policy during the first half of the 19th century. ·Clay fought for an increase in tariffs to foster industry in the United States, attempted to build and maintain infrastructure by federal funding, and have a strong national bank. Second American Party System

·The political party system in the United States that existed from 1828-1854, after the first party system. ·The system was characterized by rapidly rising levels of voter interest beginning in 1828, as demonstrated by Election Day turnout, rallies, partisan newspapers, and a high degree of personal loyalty to party. ·The major parties were the Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson, and the Whig Party, assembled by Henry Clay. Spoils System

·The Spoils System is a practice where a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its voters as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party. ·The spoils system survived much longer in many states, counties, and municipalities. Modern variations on the spoils system are often described as the political machine. "Tariff of Abominations," 1828

·The Tariff of 1828 was a protective tariff passed by the Congress of the United States on May 19, 1828, designed to protect industry in the northern United States. ·It was labeled the Tariff of Abominations by its southern detractors because of the effects it had on the antebellum Southern economy. ·The major goal of the tariff was to protect industries in the northern United States which were being driven out of business by low-priced imported goods by putting a tax on them. John C. Calhoun and the South Carolina...
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