-Brussels, the Capital of Art Nouveau-
It all started in 1861 in England, the most industrialized country at the time, where William Morris in collaboration with other artists, created the Arts and Crafts Movement as a reaction to the mid-19th-century artistic styles that lasted for more than 25 years. They had trained as architects and worked towards unity in the arts, believing that all creative activities were of equal value. Not just to reform the design but as well as giving quality once more to the work process itself. The aim of the Arts and Crafts reformers was to re-establish a harmony between architect, designer and craftsman, to bring handcraftsmanship to the production of well-designed, affordable, everyday objects because with its division of labour, the Industrial Revolution had devalued the work of the craftsman. Ultimately, they wanted ‘art’ for everyone, all objects being of beauty and of use and had to be handmade.
But the evolvement of this movement was clear as an alternatives code to the harshness of late nineteenth-century- industrialism, to further spiritual harmony through the work process, to change that very process and its product which was provided by the theorist. To be more crucial with the subject, Art nouveau was in many ways a response to the Industrial Revolution and radical changes caused by the rapid urban growth and technological advances. Some artists welcomed technological progress and embraced the aesthetic possibilities of new material and valued high craftsmanship while others deplored the poor quality of mass-produced machine-made goods and aimed to elevate the decorative arts to the level of fine art by applying the highest standards of craftsmanship and design to everyday objects.
The basic and only aim of the artists during this period was to create an international decorative style that was appropriate for the modern age. They strived to unify all forms of art by providing a... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2010, 05). Brussels, the Capital of Art Nouveau. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 05, 2010, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Brussels-The-Capital-Of-Art-Nouveau-328545.html
"Brussels, the Capital of Art Nouveau" StudyMode.com. 05 2010. 05 2010 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Brussels-The-Capital-Of-Art-Nouveau-328545.html>.
"Brussels, the Capital of Art Nouveau." StudyMode.com. 05, 2010. Accessed 05, 2010. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Brussels-The-Capital-Of-Art-Nouveau-328545.html.