Brts

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Journal of Engineering Research and Studies

E-ISSN 0976-7916

Review Article

AN OVERVIEW ON BUS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM
Agarwal P K1, Sharma Anupama2, Singh A. P3

Address for Correspondence Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (MANIT), Bhopal MP INDIA 2 Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (MANIT), Bhopal MP INDIA 3 M.Tech (Transportation Engg.), Department of Civil Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal 462051, India E mail: pka9@yahoo.com,anukhurasia@yahoo.com, ajayps33@gmail.com ABSTRACT 1

Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) is an innovative, high capacity, lower cost public transport solution that can significantly improve urban mobility. Public Transport System in most Indian cities is rapidly deteriorating because of the increasing travel demand and inefficient transportation system. There are various problems related with public transport such that tremendous increase in number of accidents, Environmental degradation, Congestion, Overcrowding due to inadequate system, Frequency of service and schedule is not strictly adhered. The problem of pollution, safety and inefficiency have reached at a alarming level in most of the major cities in India due to unabated growth of its population -both of people and motor vehicles, combined with inefficient public transport system and poor enforcement of environmental laws etc. Thus, there is a great need to ensure clean, efficient, affordable, effective and safe public transportation system and for this Bus Rapid Transit System could become an appropriate solution. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Systems have emerged as one of the important mode of public transport. They are Motorized Transport comparatively flexible, easily accessible, and efficient and also cost effective in terms of being able to transport a large number of people (rather than vehicles). BRT systems can easily be customized to community needs and incorporate state-of-the-art, low-cost technologies that result in more passengers and less congestion. This paper presents an overview of BRTS and the salient features of BRTS. KEY WORDS: BRTS, CBDs, HOV

INTRODUCTION

Capacity Bus System’ as it is commonly referred to, is a flexible mass-transit mode that has the advantage of being the most economical amongst the mass-transit options. BRTS flexibility is both in terms of routes and areas of coverage as well as in terms of its amenability to features-up-gradation over time. BRTS, as a system, includes a number of broad elements such as running way, stations (or stops), vehicles, service and operating plans, fare collection, ITS (intelligent transportation system) etc., under which the different features of BRT are subsumed. In

Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) takes part of its name from "Rapid Transit", which describes a high-capacity transport system with its own right-of-way, implemented using buses through infrastructural and scheduling improvements, to provide a high level of service. Complicated as it sounds, this is nothing but high-capacity articulated buses operating in lanes reserved for their exclusive use. The Bus Rapid Transit system is expected to revolutionize public transport with new buses, special lanes and new routes, all at a low cost. Bus Rapid Transit System, or ‘High

JERS/Vol.I/ Issue II/Oct.-Dec.,2010/195-205

Journal of Engineering Research and Studies

E-ISSN 0976-7916

India, roads are often designed to take a particular number of users, say 30,000 persons per hour per direction. But the demand for use of any one road tells us only part of the story; looking at corridor volumes using a travel demand model is a flawed approach. A service which delivers passengers from their desired origins to their desired destinations should be conceived while designing roadways. A single dedicated lane BRTS is known to carry 20,000 passengers...
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