Brown VS. Board of Education to Affirmative Action
Correlation between the Black Civil Rights Movement and Latino Civil Rights
Kati BurgessNc: YURR8E
U.S. History in documents
The aim of this paper is to give some insights on the Supreme Court ruling of Brown vs Board of Education and to investigate whether it had some effects on Hispanic minorities. Black people were not the only minority in the US who fought for their rights. Both Hispanics and Blacks were subjected to different scrutinies throughout history. However, whereas Black people faced discrimination based on their color Hispanics had to deal with their origin, therefore their language as well. In the early 1950's, racial segregation in public schools was the norm all across America. Even though all the schools in a given district were supposed to be equal, most black schools were far inferior to their white counterparts. Prior to the 60’s, teachers of ’black schools’ were overloaded, inadequately trained, and they had a different, inferior curriculum with poor funding, facilities and services. In the Southern part of the country school terms were shorter for Black students than for Whites (Ogbu, 1990). Reverend Oliver Brown went to McKinley Burnett, who was the head of Topeka's branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) at the time, and asked for help. The NAACP was eager to assist the Browns, since it had long wanted to challenge segregation in public schools. With Brown's complaint, it had "the right plaintiff at the right time." Other black parents joined Brown, and, in 1951, the NAACP requested an injunction that would forbid the segregation of Topeka's public schools(Teaching American History). When the Topeka case made its way to the United States Supreme Court it was combined with other NAACP cases from Delaware, Virginia, South Carolina and Washington, D.C. The combined cases became known as Oliver L. Brown et. al. vs. The Board of Education of Topeka (KS)(Teaching American History). The U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas heard Brown's case from June 25-26, 1951. At the trial, the NAACP argued that segregated schools sent the message to black children that they were inferior to whites; therefore, the schools were inherently unequal(Brown vs Board of Education). The Board of Education's defense was that, because segregation in Topeka and elsewhere strongly affected many other aspects of life, segregated schools simply prepared black children for the segregation they would face during adulthood. The Supreme Court struck down the "separate but equal" (Brown ans proud) doctrine of Plessy for public education, ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, and required the desegregation of schools across America(Brown vs Board b.). The Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education decision did not abolish segregation in other public areas, such as restaurants and restrooms, nor did it require desegregation of public schools by a specific time. It did, however, declare the permissive or mandatory segregation that existed in 21 states unconstitutional. It was a giant step towards complete desegregation of public schools. Even partial desegregation of these schools, however, was still very far away, as would soon become apparent (Minority Education). Brown vs. The Board of Education helped change America forever. It presented the American public with the question of segregation and pushed for changes not only in the education system, but eventually also in the rulings on entertainment, public parks and pools. However, the process was slow and the initial reactions to the ban of segregation differed. The Brown case wasn’t the only one who dealt with the segregation issue. Hispanic immigrants and minorities also have faced similar situations throughout history. The difference is that while the Brown case received large publicity that of the Hispanics’ didn’t. They already had a case of segregation earlier than...
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