Brown Verse Board of Education of Topeak Kansas

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Brown Verses the Board of Education of Topeka Kansas was initiated in 1950, and moved through the lower courts before the Supreme Court granted the case to go to higher court. Linda Brown was an eleven-year old black girl who wanted to attend an all-white school, but the city would not permit it (Nizer 87). Oliver Brown, her father, was a railroad employee who lived near a major railroad switchyard, which his children had to cross every day in order to go to their all-black school (Gale 1). Linda and other children would also have to walk along the railroad track through weather that sometimes turned icy and stormy to get to their school. Even after walking by the railroad tracks, Linda Brown and other black children would have to wait for the bus to finally take them to Monroe Elementary (Joyce 5). Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Brown sued the Topeka, Kansas school board for denying his eight-year old daughter, Linda, admission to the school only five blocks away from the browns home (Patrick 48). In 1951, Oliver Brown sought the aid of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (McLynn 36). The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is also known as the NAACP. Carter was part of the NAACP and is saying where the NAACP stands on segregation and in what area segregation is most prominent. “Behind Carter’s ambitious plan lay the NAACP’s belief that segregation inevitably produced inequalities between whites and blacks in the educational facilities and curriculum” (McLynn 37). Thurgood Marshall was head of the NAACP’s Legal Defense and Educational Fund. Thurgood Marshall was Oliver Browns lawyer. He argued that the operation of separate schools, based on race, was harmful to African-American children. Brown’s attorney also argued that segregation by law implied that African Americans were inherently inferior to whites. The attorney for Topeka from the Board of Education argued that the separate schools for non-whites in Topeka were equal in every way. The Board of Education Attorney also said the buildings, the courses of study offered, and the quality of teachers were completely comparable to that of the whites (infoplease.com). Segregated schools were able to exist because it was legal at the time to have separate schools if they were equal. By providing separate but equal facilities for black and white students, states could claim that they were depriving no one of equal treatment under the constitution (McLynn 87). Brown Verses Board of Education trial opened on June 2, 1951. This study, about Brown verses the Board of Education, will examine how “separate but equal” schools were not truly equal at all. Segregated schools did not have equal accommodations compared to the white schools. One example, of how the blacks did not have equal accommodations, was the board’s refusal to pay for heating in the black schools (Patrick 49). This meant that many children would go cold and would get sick, some even died, because of the lack of heat. White schools were provided with heat, so therefore, black schools should be as well, because that would make them equal. Also, black schools were not provided with indoor plumbing services. Black children would have to go outside if they needed to use the restroom (Patrick 49). No indoor plumbing also meant that they had no water. Not only does this take away valuable time that a child could use for learning, but also, this unfair treatment is clearly not equal. This takes away valuable time because, of how far the black children have to walk to just get to the outhouse then walk all the way back to class it should be able to be right in there classroom or close to it. The blacks would be more prone to get sick since they were not able to wash their hands after they went to the bathroom, or before they ate food. They also, had no access to drinking water for nourishment Once again, the white schools were provided with indoor plumbing, in order to make it equal,...
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