It all began around 1000 A.D. when Arab traders began to cultivate coffee beans in large plantations. They began to boil the beans creating a drink they called ‘qahwa’ which translates to ‘that which prevents sleep’. The drink became widely popular, and the need for coffee beans grew.
The brief Timeline for the growth of coffee, cafés and everything related is given below:
850: First known discovery of coffee berries. Legend of goat herder Kaldi of Ethiopia, who notices goats are friskier after eating red barriers of a local shrub. Experiments with the berries himself and begins to feel happier.
1100: The first coffee trees are cultivated on the Arabian Peninsula. Coffee is first roasted and boiled by Arabs making ‘qahwa’.
1475: The world’s first coffee shop opens in Constantinople.
1554: The first establishment in Constantinople soon becomes widely popular, and two more cafés are opened.
1600s: Coffee enters Europe through the port of Venice. The first coffee house opens in Italy in 1654.
1652: The first coffee house opens in England. Coffee houses were called ‘penny universities’ (a penny is charged for admission and a cup of coffee) because a person could visit a café to discuss current affairs and social issues.
1672: The first Persian coffee house opens.
1688: Edward Lloyd’s coffee house opens. It eventually becomes Lloyd’s of London, the world’s best-known insurance company.
1695: The first sign of the French Revolution had its roots in Parisian cafés where the people’s movement started gathering steam.
1700: The Dutch becomes the first to transport and cultivate coffee commercially. Coffee is smuggled out of the Arab port of Mocha and transported to Sri Lanka and India for cultivation.
1721: The first coffee house opens in Berlin.
1750: One of Europe’s first coffee houses, Café Greco opens in Rome. By 1763, Venice has over 2,000 coffee shops.
1822: The prototype of the... [continues]
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