•Human development context
These four components make the bioecological model to constitute a process-person-context-time (PPCT) model that offers a more integrated approach to human development understanding (Lerner 2002 238). This model constituting of genetics-environment interactions leads to “proximal processes through which genetic potentials for effective psychological functioning are actualized” (Bronfenbrenner & Ceci 1994 568). The presumed outcomes of these proximal processes are; differentiated perception and response, behavioural control, managing stress, knowledge and skill acquisition, establishing and maintaining healthy relationships and modification and construction of environments. There are four concentric circles namely; microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem and macrosystem (Bronfenbrenner & Ceci, 1994 569). Looking back at my own life experiences while growing up, I can relate certain personal characteristics to factors mentioned in this model. The child
The innermost concentric circle represents the child and its biological makeup or what Lerner refers to as biopsychosocial characteristics. They are regarded as the most influential shapers of character and three of the key areas in which the person exerts the most influence are; dispositions, ability & knowledge and demand characteristics. Differentiation of these three elements to form unique combinations accounts for the differences in resultant proximal processes and the subsequent development. Thus the person is the most important determinant of personal characteristics and accounts for the differences in personalities (Lerner 2002 239). This inborn characteristics explain why identical twins with the same genetic makeup and brought up in the same house and under the same conditions may exhibit different personalities. For brain development to occur, two dimensional learning has to occur; adaptation to learn by brain capacity and innate information (Johnson, Munakata & Gilmore 2002 8). An example of how a person’s characteristics may shape their life is my disposition. I have always had a nice disposition that made me want to always help people in need. These values were not taught to me by anyone but I just felt that I wanted to alleviate people’s pain. In school, I hated seeing people bullied and I would always stand up for them and try to befriend them. This is also why I decided to be a...