Advantages first :-
1. Consolidation of former independent states under one administrative region called India. Leading to one nation called India. 2. Introduction of Western education including arts, science and medicine. Introduction and exchange of new ideas. 3. Introduction of Judiciary, Postal Services, Indian Penal Code, Indian Civil Services (IAS-now), etc, etc. 4. Due to consolidation of states, peoples in India united together in freedom struggle. 5. Acts passed against Sati tradition, etc, and elimination of other discriminatory traditional practices (untouchability, etc,etc) 6. Consolidation and formalisation of Indian Defense forces into organised unit. Modernising and updating their weapons and strategies. 7. Introduction of industries and employment for people.
8. Introduction of Railway system.
9. Setting up cities, introducing new architecture.
10 Training workforce to run British India which also continued after independence. 11. Introduction of English language.
1. Partition of India
2. Ill-treatment of Indian royalty - e.g doctrine of lapse.
3. Ill-treatment of Indian citizens in order to retain control over the populace (Jalianwala Bagh massacre). 4. Divide and rule policy
5. Could not manage/afford to run India due to losses in WWII and had to make a hasty exit resulting in bloody partition. 6.Indian antiques and valuable artifacts confiscated and smuggled out to Britain. 7. Introduction of English thus undervaluing Indian native languages and leaving behind an inferiority complex regarding our own mother languages. 8. Loss to economy due to export of raw material at cheap prices instead of finished goods. 9. Unclear border markation, still leading to conflicts with other neighbouring countries.
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