Britain’s Wars for Empire, Far More Than Its Mercantilist Policies, Dictated the Economic Fortunes of Britain’s North American Colonies in the Eighteenth Century. Assess the Validity of This Statement.

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Compared to other countries, Britain’s colonies proved to be the most successful economically, and even though the credit of this has usually been given to their mercantilist policies, it was a combination of factors that also included success in wars and demographic dominance. Colonization in the Americas was both widespread and competitive through the European continent, with countries vying against each other for the new territory with hopes that their success in the New World would assist their needs in Europe. Perhaps the most famous thing that Britain could be remembered for was its strong and controlling mercantilist policy. Navigation Acts to Writs of Assistance helped to control trade with Britain and keep prices low; controlled and regulated trade so Britain ultimately came out ahead As the colonies continued to rebel, more laws were implemented, generating the British economy. Even though the policies did generate some revenue for the British Empire, this was not the only factor that made British colonies the most successful. Not only did Britain have the most economically sound colonies but also one of the strongest and well organized military forces, enabling them to gain much from their war efforts. Britain gained all of the land east of the Mississippi, and gained Florida from Spain; helped to fuse bonds between colonies and Britain but also created a suspicion for one another gained the Hudson Bay region, Newfoundland, and Acadia; colonists felt the need to depend on Britain did the same as the Seven Year’s War with regards to colonial-British feelings. All of the different wars certainly did have an impact on the economic and political success of the British colonies, but without one other factor, none of this success could have been achieved. Perhaps the most subtle but possibly the most important factor that helped the British achieve economic success were not the wars or the mercantilist policies but in fact its demographic size. During 1750...
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