Briggs Myer’s Personality Type
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.What is the Briggs Myer’s Personality Type test?4
II.BMPT in today’s mission of Human Resources5
“What appears to be random behavior is actually the result of differences in the way people prefer to use their mental capacities” Carl G. Jung (1875 - 1961) Psychiatrist
Myers Briggs Type Indicator is based on the theory of psychological Type thought by C. G. Jung and published in the 1920’s.
According to this Swiss Psychiatrist, each person has a psychological type. A person is either taking information (perceiving) or organizing information and coming to conclusion (judging). From each of these two characteristics, the individual will have preferences; introverted (energized by the internal world) or extraverted (energized by the outside world).
However, very few people understood and implemented this theory until the 1940’s when Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother, Katharine Cook Briggs simplified it so anyone would be able to identify his/her psychological type.
In today’s society, Briggs Myers’ type indicator test is commonly used in the work environment, careers, personal growth, relationships and educational purposes.
This report will be focusing on Briggs Myers Personality Type test within the work environment in order to understand better how this personality test helps to put the right teams together to achieve companies’ goals and synergies. This report will then focus on today’s mission of Human Resources in the scope of Briggs Myers’ Personality Type and to which extent this theory may be used.
I. What is the Briggs Myer’s Personality Type test?
In 1921, Carl Gustav Jung defined “Psychological Types”, which gathers three “pairs” of psychological preferences. These preferences are both conscious and unconscious and help understand how an individual perceives the world and makes decisions. These three pairs of preferences are the following:
* Extraversion (E) and Introversion (I): Extraverted people "outward-turned" draw their energy from the outside world whereas the introverted individual, "inward-turned", draws his energy from within. Introversion and extraversion are the two main psychological preferences as they show where the individual’s energy lies.
* Sensing (S) and Intuition (N): The sensing preference allows the individual to perceive his/her environment through his/her senses. Intuition, on another hand, is irrational as it finds its roots: * In our physical senses when the individual feels a situation is unsafe * In our emotions when it comes to basing oneself on a first impression * In our intellect when suddenly everything becomes clear and the solution pops up. According to Jung, “Intuition is defined as a perception gained through the unconscious”. These two preferences define how an individual gathers and perceives information.
* Thinking (T) and Feeling (F) these functions are both used to make decisions: Thinking is an intellectual function, analytical and objective organizer that has nothing to do with a high degree of intelligence or culture. Feeling on another hand is based on looking at a situation from the inside and is more based on instincts and emotions. Thinking individuals have trouble communicating with other and will be very direct when giving a feedback, Feeling individuals will show more empathy and consider other people’s feelings.
Isabelle Meyer has designed two new functions in 1980, which are Judging (J) and Perceiving (P). These allow us to understand whether the individual is rational or irrational and therefore his mode of action. Isabel Myer has created this function to identify people’s preference when relating to the outside world: either their judging function (thinking or feeling) or their...