In the 1960's, the use of main frame computers became widespread in many
companies. To access vast amounts of stored information, these companies
started to use computer programs like COBOL and FORTRAN. Data accessibility and
data sharing soon became an important feature because of the large amount of
by different departments within certain companies. With
this system, each application owns its own data files. The problems thus
associated with this type of file processing was uncontrolled redundancy,
inconsistent data, inflexibility, poor enforcement of standards, and low
In 1964, MIS (Management Information Systems) was introduced. This
would prove to be very influential towards future designs of computer systems
and the methods they will use in manipulating data.
In 1966, Philip Kotler had the first description of how managers could
benefit from the powerful capabilities of the electronic computer as a
In 1969, Berson developed a marketing information system for marketing
research. In 1970, the Montgomery urban model was developed stressing the
quantitative aspect of management by highlighting a data bank, a model bank, and
a measurement statistics bank. All of these factors will be influential on
future models of storing data in a pool. According to Martine, in 1981, a
database is a shared collection of interrelated data designed to meet the needs
of multiple types of end users. The data is stored in one location so that they
are independent of the programs that use them, keeping in mind data integrity
with respect to the approaches to adding new data, modifying data, and
retrieving existing data. A database is shared and perceived differently by
multiple users. This leads to the arrival of Database Management Systems.
These systems first appeared around the 1970=s as solutions to problems
associated with mainframe computers. Originally, pre-database... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(1999, 10). Brief History of Databases. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 10, 1999, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Brief-History-Databases-655.html
"Brief History of Databases" StudyMode.com. 10 1999. 10 1999 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Brief-History-Databases-655.html>.
"Brief History of Databases." StudyMode.com. 10, 1999. Accessed 10, 1999. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Brief-History-Databases-655.html.